The Medical & Spiritual Importance of Al Misk

The Medical & Spiritual Importance of Al-Misk

Written & Compiled by; Assoutudeen Abu Mubāshīr.


🥗 It is referred to as Musk in English language and Kastoori, Turari al-misk in other native languages. Musk is a hot & dry substance which brings comfort and joy to the hearts and strengthens the inner organs when it is drunk or smelled. Musk brings strength and comfort to the external organs when anointed with it. Musk is beneficial for old people and for those who have excessive skin moisture; especially during winter, and helps against fainting, shaking and the general weakness in the body as it excites the instinctive heat.

Musk clears the white part in the eye and dries excess moisture in it, and dissipates swelling in various organs. Musk works as an antidote for some poisons, and helps against snakebite. It has many other benefits associated with physical and spiritual health diseases.

It has been authentically reported from the book of Imam Muslim:
ثبت فى “صحيح مسلم”، عن أبى سعيد الخُدرىِّ رضى الله عنه، عن النبىِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال: “أطيبُ الطِّيبِ المِسْكُ”.وفى “الصحيحين” عن عائشة رضى الله عنها: “كنتُ أُطيِّبُ النبىَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قبل أن يَحْرِمَ ويومَ النَّحْرِ قبل أن يطوفَ بالبيت بطيبٍ فيه مِسْكٌ”

Narrated by Imam Muslim, Abu Said Al-Khudri (may almighty Allah be pleased with him) reported that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “The best type of perfume is Musk”.

In the Sahihain, it is narrated that ‘Aishah ( may almighty Allah be pleased with her) said that she used to anoint Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) with a perfume containing Musk before assuming Ihram, on the day of the sacrifice and before performing Tawaaf around the sacred house (Ka’bah).

المِسك: مَلِكُ أنواعِ الطيب، وأشرُفهَا وأطيُبَها، وهو الذى تُضرب به الأمثال، ويُشَبَّه به غيرُه، ولا يُشبَّه بغيره، وهو كُثبان الجنَّة، وهو حارٌ يابس فى الثانية، يَسُرُّ النفس ويُقَوِّيها، ويُقَوِّى الأعضاء الباطنة جميعها شُرباً وشمّاً، والظاهرةَ إذا وُضِعَ عليها. نافع للمشايخ، والمبرودين، لا سِيَّما زمن الشتاء، جيد للغَشْى والخفقانِ، وضعف القوة بإنعاشه للحرارة الغريزية، ويجلو بياضَ العين، ويُنشِّف رطوبتها، ويَفُشُّ الرياح منها ومن جميع الأعضاء، ويُبطل عملَ السموم، وينفعُ مِن نَهْش الأفاعى، ومنافِعُه كثيرة جداً، وهو أقوى المفرِّحات.

🥗 Musk is the king of all perfumes, it has the best aroma. Other types of perfumes are usually compared to Musk, but Musk is never compared to them.

In addition, the hills and sands of Paradise are made of musk. (Tafseer Suuratul Bakora verse 25). whenever one use it, shayateen will not be closer to such a person until it stops to give out the fragrance. It should be noted that the Jinns hate good and pleasant odours and they hardly live in an environment that is neat and tidy. The odor of this Prophetic drug takes a very long time before its pleasant odour got to depreciate.

🥗 Dear married sisters, we encourage you to buy this perfume as a gift for your husbands because Allah can use it as a means to increase love and happiness in an ideal Muslim home and debar the the evil Jinns from entering you and your husband when you walk or sleep together (if Allah wills).

It is also advisable for men to apply it on their special cloth specifically designed for sleeping so that if sexual intercourse happens, shaytan and his allies will not be invited let alone being the chairman of the occasion.

🥗 In addition, the Prophet said “Allah has a right on every Muslim that he takes a bath (at least once) in every seven days (i.e. on Fridays) and if he has perfume (preferably musk), he should use some of it.” (Sahih Bukhari 880)

🥗 Also, Abu Dawood and An-Nasa’y narrated that the Prophet said: “Whoever is offered some perfume should not refuse it because it is light to wear and has a good scent.” Ibn Abi Shaibah In addition narrated that the Messenger of Allah had a container that had some perfume and he used to perfume himself with it. (Sahih Muslim 5929)

👉 To our unmarried sisters, don’t buy it for the brothers except your mahram so as to ward off unnecessary fitna that could emanate from such. Neutrally, it can be bought for an ordinary Man without any special relationship and almighty Allah will reward you for that if your intention is pure.

🥗 Furthermore, the angels like perfume while the devils dislike it, because the dearest scent to the devils are foul odors, while good souls like good scents. Every soul leans towards and deserves what it likes. Evil men are suitable for evil women and vise versa, while good men are always inclined to good women (except in special wisdom of Allah). Although this statement applies to men and women in general, it In addition applies to every type of deed, speech, food, drink, clothing and scent.

🥗 Sheikh Ibn Qoyyim commented that Good scents and perfumes are nutrition for the soul, and the soul is the dynamo of the rest of the body’s powers. Perfume helps the brain, the heart and the internal organs and brings comfort to the heart and the soul.

🥗 Perfumes are in addition the most suitable, favorable remedy and substance for the soul. There is a close connection between the good soul and scented perfumes.(Tibb Nabawiyy Page 189).

Finally, Musk are of different colors, some colors such as white are used as protection from evils of all forms while orange/red colors are used as sexual enhancer (while in bed), the grey/black colors are used as solution to reduce blurred eye & vision. This medicines with their respective colors can be found in all standard prophetic medicine stores Nationwide.

🔞 NOTE :This Medicine is Meant to be administered by Men Only as it is HARAM (Prohibited) For Female to use it (except when she’s alone with her spouse in the bedroom). May almighty Allah grant us understanding of the Dīn

© Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation


Making Blasphemous Statement Against Prophet Muhammad: A Call to Muslims and Non-Muslims

Making Blasphemous Statement Against Prophet Muhammad; A Call To Muslims & Non- Muslims!

Written & Compiled by; Assoutudeen Abu Mubāshīr!


It has become a widespread matter on social media platforms the issue of a Kano based musician named Yahaya Shariff Aminu who blasphemed the best of mankind (prophet Muhammad) in one of his songs. While some Muslims categorized such act of punishment melted on the singer as sardonic, barbaric, strict and unconvincing, manual non-muslim folks spitted fire in the rage of annoyance to condemn the situation.

In this plight, it is highly imminent and ferociously inimical to quickly expose ourselves to the evils of cursing the Religion (Islam) and everything in its entirety. This is because many people, including Muslims, misunderstand Sharia. It’s often associated with the amputation of limbs, death by stoning, lashes and other medieval punishments. Because of this, it is sometimes thought of as draconian. Even some people in the West view Sharia as archaic and unfair social ideas that are imposed upon people who live in Sharia-controlled countries.

Meanwhile a practicing Muslim, however, should hold a different view. In the Islamic tradition, Sharia is seen as something that nurtures humanity. We should see the Sharia not in the light of something primitive but as something divinely revealed. In a society where social problems are more endemically pandemic, Sharia frees humanity to realise its individual potential.

Read more here

Sheikhul- Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may almighty Allah have mercy upon him) defines blasphemy as the use of words that show a lack of respect and are perceived by all people, regardless of their beliefs, to be profane, exactly like cursing, condemnation, etc. (Majmoó Fataawa)

It should be known that insulting Allah Himself, His Prophets (Muhammad & Jesus inclusive), Companions and Upright Muslims are great sins encapsulated with high injury at both worlds such that the Shariah doesn’t take it with levity, even for a Muslim who commits any of them intentionally, jokingly or through any other forms.

It is stubbly prohibited in Islam to commit any of those Sins cos Allah says;
وَلَئِن سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلْعَبُۚ قُلْ أَبِٱللَّهِ وَءَايَٰتِهِۦ وَرَسُولِهِۦ كُنتُمْ تَسْتَهْزِءُونَ

And if you ask them, they will surely say, “We were only conversing and playing.” Say, “Is it Allah and His verses and His Messenger that you were mocking?” (Qur’an 9: Verse 65)

لَا تَعْتَذِرُوا۟ قَدْ كَفَرْتُم بَعْدَ إِيمَٰنِكُمْۚ إِن نَّعْفُ عَن طَآئِفَةٍ مِّنكُمْ نُعَذِّبْ طَآئِفَةًۢ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا۟ مُجْرِمِينَ
Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after your belief. If We pardon one faction of you – We will punish another faction because they were criminals. (Qur’an verse 66)

Sheikh Abd’azeez Ibn Bàaz was asked concerning a Muslim who commit any of those aforementioned sins, He replied;

Sheikh Ibn Baz (may Allah confer mercy upon him) replied, Reviling religion is one of the worst of major sins and the gravest of evils. The same applies to reviling the Lord, Glorified be He. These are two of the gravest things that nullify Islam and cause apostasy. If the one who reviles the Lord, Exalted be He, or reviles religion is a Muslim, then he thereby becomes an apostate from Islam and a disbeliever. He shall first be asked to repent, then he is either to repent or be executed by a decision from the competent authority, i.e., the Shariah court. Some scholars suggested that he shall not be asked to repent, but rather he shall be executed immediately, since his crime is extremely hideous. However, the most preponderant view is that he shall first be asked to repent, in the hope that Allah may bless him with guidance and drive him back to the truth. Still, he shall be punished by lashing and imprisonment, so that he may not repeat such a heinous crime. Similarly, if someone reviles the Quran or the Messenger (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) or any other Prophet, he shall first be asked to repent, then he is either to repent or be executed. Reviling religion or the Messenger (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) or the Lord, Glorified be He, is something that nullifies Islam. So is making fun of Allah or His Messenger or Paradise or Hellfire or Divine Ordinances such as Salah or Zakah. Making fun of any of such things does nullify Islam. (Majmoò Fataawa Ibn Bàaz)

Therefore, mocking at, or cursing Allah or His Messenger or Religion is an act of disbelief that brings the perpetrator out of the Islamic creed accompanied with execution.

On this note, we advise and seriously warn our Muslim brothers & sisters not to socialize with non- Muslims on any platform on matters related to the Dīn out of ignorance or in order to appease them. Lest we may be sharing them the sin and thus be inflicted by Allah’s punishment. Allah says;

وَقَدْ نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِى ٱلْكِتَٰبِ أَنْ إِذَا سَمِعْتُمْ ءَايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِ يُكْفَرُ بِهَا وَيُسْتَهْزَأُ بِهَا فَلَا تَقْعُدُوا۟ مَعَهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا۟ فِى حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِۦٓۚ إِنَّكُمْ إِذًا مِّثْلُهُمْۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ جَامِعُ ٱلْمُنَٰفِقِينَ وَٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ فِى جَهَنَّمَ جَمِيعًا
And it has already come down to you in the Book that when you hear the verses of Allah [recited], they are denied [by them] and ridiculed; so do not sit with them until they enter into another conversation. Indeed, you would then be like them. Indeed Allah will gather the hypocrites and disbelievers in Hell all together. (Qur’an 4: 140)

This ruling is applicable even in relation to criticizing or blaming the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) as regards any of his deeds, sayings, etc. Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah confer mercy upon him) clarified, “If someone criticizes a judgment or instruction by the Prophet, he should be executed, as the Prophet told us to do in his life and after his death”. (Majmoó fataawa)

Inadvertently, cursing the Prophets of Allah has always been condemned in the Shariah. The best of mankind (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) warned against this, saying,
«من سب أصحابي فعليه لعنة الله والملائكة والنّاس أجمعين»

{ حسنه الألباني في صحيح الجامع}

“Whoever reviles my Companions let the Curse of Allah, the Angels, and all people befall him”

[Declared Hasan by Al-Albani in “Series of Authentic Hadith Books: 2340”].

He (peace be upon him) also said,
«لا تسبوا أصحابي. لا تسبوا أصحابي. فوالذي نفسي بيده! لو أن أحدكم أنفق مثل أحد ذهبا، ما أدرك مد أحدهم، ولا نصيفه»
{ متفق عليه واللفظ لمسلم}

“Do not revile my companions, do not revile my Companions, for by the One in Whose Hand is my soul, if anyone were to spend the equivalent of Uhud in gold (as charity), it would not amount (in reward) to a Mudd (i.e., an Arabic dry volume measure) of (i.e., paid in charity by) one of them or (even) half of that”

[Agreed upon and this wording is for Muslim].

Imam Malik (may Allah rest his soul) said, “Whoever insults one of the Companions of Muhammad (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) — such as Abu Bakr, Omar, ‘Uthman, Abu- Huraira Mu’awiyah, Ali or ‘Amr Ibn Al-‘Aas (to mention a few) — by saying that they were astray and disbelieving shall be executed. (Muqodîma Muwatta Maleek).

Dear Muslim and non Muslim reader, If a Muslim should be deterred with these kind of punishments in a society that applies Shariah as their constitution, what do you think of a non- Muslim in the same society?

Scholars of Islam has unanimously agreed that; If the person who defames the best of mankind (Muhammad) (peace be upon him) is a non-Muslim living under a treaty with the Muslim state, then this is a violation of the treaty and he must be executed, but that should be left to the authorities.

In a secular state like Nigeria, a Muslim must not in any form mocks, nags or valiantly condemns other ‘religions’ in an inappropriate manner. This is because Allah has warned us to desist from such action so that nobody from ‘other religion’ will not ignorantly curse our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) out of hatred and enmity. Allah says;

وَلَا تَسُبُّوا۟ ٱلَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ فَيَسُبُّوا۟ ٱللَّهَ عَدْوًۢا بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍۗ كَذَٰلِكَ زَيَّنَّا لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ عَمَلَهُمْ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِم مَّرْجِعُهُمْ فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ

“And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allah, lest they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge” [al-An’aam 6:108].

If Nigerian Muslims could emulate this command from their Lord, who is that person who could decipher the indulgence of our prophet Muhammad in a nasty way?! Not even an ordinary musician who already wines and dines with Shaytan could attack the best man to ever liveth on earth surface by hiding under the action of freedom of opinion. Every wise man knows that this so-called freedom of opinion is total violation of the sanctity of others and transgressing against them. This is not a freedom of opinion but a freedom of transgression encapsulated with deviant hate speech.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) says that: It was narrated from one of the Christian kings that a man who followed the same religion as him (Christian) was brought to him, who used to revile the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and accuse him of lying. The king summoned his religious scholars and asked them: How long does a liar remain for? They said: Such and such – thirty years or thereabouts. The king said: This religion of Muhammad has lasted for more than five hundred years or six hundred years [i.e., at the time of that king], and it is prevailing and is accepted and followed. How can he be a liar? Then he had that man beheaded.
{Sharh al-‘Aqeedah al-Asfahaaniyyah }

If a Christian King behead another Christian in a Christian state all because the latter reviled the last Prophet of Islam, what do you expect in a state (Kano) dominated by Muslims who rules with Nigerian constitution who (the same Nigeria constitution) allows Shariah court to prevail on what’s incumbent to them?!

This is a stern warning to those who had planned and already planning to attack our prophet, his ways and actions through videos, audios, music, writing, speech making and all available means to desist from such lubricious act. If we Muslims hear a Christian or anyone else defaming the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), we will always denounce such person in strong terms no matter his worldly rank. As we are known as law abiding citizens who shall not go against the laws of the country, it is obligatory we report such person to the authorities whom we believe will carry out the required punishment on him without partiality. If there is no one who can carry out the (hadd) punishment of Allah and stand up for the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), then we (Muslims) will do whatever we can, so long as that will not lead to further mischief and harm against other people.

While we urge the Government to punish any Muslim who slander, mock and blaspheme ‘other religions’ and their act, it is haram (prohibited) to hear a kaafir (non- muslim) defaming the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and Muslims keep quiet.

Finally, we urge non Muslims to always imbibe the spirit of sportsmanship, study Islam and the Prophet himself, then they will understand while this iconic man named Muhammad has ruled/ still ruling the world even after his demise. These are few amongst the statements made by the non- Muslims about him;

1️⃣ Dr. Zwemer (a Canadian Orientalist) says: Muhammad was an able reformer, eloquent and well spoken, courageous and daring, a great thinker. We cannot attribute to him anything that contradicts these qualities. This Qur’aan that he brought and his history bear witness to the truth of these claims.

2️⃣ The Englishman George Bernard Shaw wrote a book called Muhammad, which was burned by the British authorities. He said: The world is in the utmost need of a man with the mentality of Muhammad. Medieval ecclesiastics, either through ignorance of bigotry, painted Mohammadanism in the darkest colors. They were in fact; trained to hate both the man Muhammad and his to them was anti-Christ. But I have studied his life, and found him to be extraordinary. I have reached the conclusion that he was never an enemy to Christianity. He must be called the Saviour of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it much needed peace and happiness.

3️⃣ Annie Besant said: It is impossible for anyone who studies the life and character of the great Prophet of Arabia, who knows how he taught and how he lived, to feel anything but reverence for that mighty Prophet, one of the great messengers of the Supreme.

4️⃣ Michael Hart said in his book The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History (p. 13), where he put Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) at the head of his list of one hundred: I chose Muhammad to be top of this list because Muhammad was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels.

If non Muslims should study Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and later come out with these recommendations, how do you expect a sane Muslim to react when His name is blasphemed❓❗

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)



Written and Compiled by; Assoutudeen Abu Mubāshīr.

Appendicitis is a pouch with an unknown purpose put on the colon. It is a condition of the appendix becoming inflamed and practically filled with causing pain and pus.

Generally, appendicitis is of two main types which are acute and chronic appendicitis.

Though, chronic appendicitis is not common as acute appendicitis. The symptoms in chronic cases of appendicitis are relatively mild which are liable to disappear before reappearing again after some couple of weeks, months or years. Mainly, chronic appendicitis develops into acute appendicitis.

Both occurs when the appendix gets blocked by an external body (when you mistakenly swallow what’s not needed by your body systems). Sometimes, it could occur as a result of cancer, kidney stones, serious infections within the body. If it’s left untreated, appendicitis may cause bacteria to spill into the abdominal cavity after causing appendix to burst. This might be serious and fatal to the whole body.

Symptoms of Appendicitis

👉 Dull or sharp pain anywhere around the stomach.
👉 Severe cramps
👉 Diarrhea with gas
👉 Difficult/Painful Peeing
👉 Loss of Appetite
👉 Swollen belly
👉 Nausea
👉 Pain in the lower part of the navel.

The Prophetic Guidance To Appendicitis

The following drugs are to be used;
1️⃣ Khal water
2️⃣ Garlic Powder
3️⃣ Ginger Powder
4️⃣ Pure and Original honey
5️⃣ Habatul zaodaahu Powder
6️⃣ Habatul zaodaahu oil
7️⃣ Zaytun Oil

How To Prepare The Drugs

👉 Mix the same quantity of Khal water with original honey and put it separately in a container.

👉 Mix half a cup of garlic powder, habatul zaodaahu powder and ginger powder together in another separate container.

👉 Boil the mixed powders together with reasonable quantity of water for some minutes.

👉 Allow the mixed powders to cool for a while and add pure and original honey (Assoutudeen Honey is preferable) of the same & reasonable quantity to it.

👉 Mix some quantities of Zaytun oil with habatul zaodaahu oil and divide it into two (1/3: 2/3) in separate containers each.

How To Administer The Prepared Drugs

👉 Take a spoonful of mixed khal water & honey once a day, early in the morning after morning adhkaar.

👉 Take two spoonfuls of mixed powders twice a day after each morning and evening adhkaar.

👉 Take a spoonful of the mixed two-third (biggest one) oils twice a day.

👉 Massage your body, most especially the stomach (upper & lower belly including navel) with remaining one-third of the mixed oils after every bath.

🚫 Note: All prescribed drugs must be original.

🚫 As effective as this prescription is, If after 3 months, there’s no practical improvement in your health, then you are strongly advised to go for surgery.

And Allah knows best!

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)




Written & Compiled by; Assoutudeen Abu Mubāshīr



Sihr literally means hidden or secret, because the practitioners of sihr deal with things in secret which enable them to perform illusions which confuse the people and deceive their eyes. It also enables them to cause harm or steal their money, etc, in a secretive manner so that in most cases nobody realizes what is happening.

It is sometimes defined as deception by showing something to an audience, which is contrary to reality.

According to sharee’ah, the meaning of sihr is what the magicians do that deludes and confuses people, in a manner that the one who is watching thinks that it is real when in fact it is not. It also involves seeking the help of demons(Evil Jinns) to perform something harmful against another human being.

Sihr may also involve things that the magician does like tying knots on which he blows. It may also involve other things which they manage to do through the shayaateen (devils), so they do things that may affect a man’s reasoning or make him sick; they may even cause division between a man and his spouse, making the latter to appear ugly to the former and vice versa; or sowing the seed of discord in a peaceful home.

Refutation of Sihr
An appropriate Islamic creed concerning sihr should be that Magic and any harm that results therefrom is subject to the prior decree and will of Allah, for our Lord cannot be overwhelmed and nothing can happen in His Dominion against His Will, hence the word of His Majesty:

وَمَا هُم بِضَارِّينَ بِهِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ

but they( the magician with their magic) could not thus harm anyone except by Allaah’s Leave”
[al-Baqarah 2:102]

That is, this magic and any harm that results therefrom is subject to the prior decree and will of Allaah, for our Lord cannot be overwhelmed and nothing can happen in His Dominion against His Will. Nothing happens in this world or in the hereafter except by His prior decree and His great wisdom, as He wills.

So some people may be tested by sihr, and others may be tested by sickness, or by being killed…etc. Allaah is All-Wise in all that He wills and decrees, and in all that He prescribes for His slaves.

Therefore, a believer should know He(Allaah) has already decreed that So and so will do sihr, and that So and so will be affected by sihr, just as He already knows and has already decreed that So and so will be killed, or afflicted with a certain sickness, or will die in a certain land, and will receive such and such provision, or will be rich or poor. All of that happens by the will and decree of Allaah, as He says

Surah Al-Qamar, Verse 49:
إِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ

Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz).

Surah Al-Hadid, Verse 22:

مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي أَنفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّبْرَأَهَا إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz), before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah.

The evils that come at the hands of the magicians or others do not happen because our Lord is ignorant, for He knows all things and nothing at all is hidden from Him, as He says:

لِتَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ أَحَاطَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عِلْمًا

“that you may know that Allaah has power over all things, and that Allâh surrounds all things in (His) Knowledge”[al-Talaaq 65:12]

So Allaah knows all things, and nothing happens in His Dominion that He does not will, but He has perfect wisdom and good aims in whatever He decrees should happen to people of honour or humiliation, losing or gaining power, sickness or health, magic and other things.

Summarily, everything that happens to people happens by the will of Allaah and in accordance with His prior decree.


  1. Sihr of Separation (سحر الافتراق)
    It is a type of sihr that aim to separate or stir up hatred between two friends or partners. This type of sihr may be done with a view of separating the target victim from his mother, father, brother, friend, business partner or his (potential) spouse.

That of the spouse is the most dangerous and prevalent type. Concerning this type of sihr, Allah says:

ْ فَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مِنْهُمَا مَا يُفَرِّقُونَ بِهِ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَزَوْجِهِ

From them they learned that (magic) by which they might cause a separation between a man and his wife; (2:102)

📚 Jabir reported that Prophet said: “Iblis would lay his throne on water and would send his brigade of demons. The lowest among them in rank is the one who is most notorious in stirring up fitna. One of the demons would, after a mission, come and say to Iblis, ‘I have done so and so.’ Iblis would reply, ‘You have not done anything.’ Another one would come and say: ‘I have not left such and such person until I separated him from his wife.’ Iblis would come closer to his demon and say, ‘How good you are.” (Muslim in An-Nawawi : 17/157)

Symptoms of Sihr of Separation
1⃣A sudden change in attitude from love to hate.

2⃣A great deal of suspicion is aroused between the two people concerned.

3⃣No form of excuses is accepted by either party, even if one of them is wrong.

4⃣Exaggerating the causes of disputes between two people, even though they may be trivial.

5⃣ Changing the mental image that a woman may have of her husband, or changing the mental image that a man may have of his wife; so that the man would see his wife in an ugly way, even though she is beautiful.
In reality, it is the demon who is entrusted with the task of performing this type of sihr, is the one who would appear to the husband in her image, but in an ugly way. By the same token, the woman would see her husband in a horrible way.

6⃣ The person affected by sihr hates anything the other party does.

7️⃣ The person affected by sihr hates the place in which the other party stays. For instance, a husband may be in good mood when he is outdoors, but when he returns home, he feels quiet depressed.

According to Al-Hafidh Ibn Kathir, the cause of separation between two spouses through this type of sihr is that each of them appears to the other as an ugly or ill- mannered. (Tafsir lbn Kathir: 1/144)

  1. Sihr of False Appearance of Object (سحر التخييل)
    Allah (‘Azza wa Jalla) says:
    Surah Taha, Verse 65:
    قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِمَّا أَن تُلْقِيَ وَإِمَّا أَن نَّكُونَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَلْقَىٰ

They said: O Musa! will you cast, or shall we be the first who cast down?

قَالَ بَلْ أَلْقُوا فَإِذَا حِبَالُهُمْ وَعِصِيُّهُمْ يُخَيَّلُ إِلَيْهِ مِن سِحْرِهِمْ أَنَّهَا تَسْعَىٰ
He said: Nay! cast down. then lo! their cords and their rods– it was imaged to him on account of their magic as if they were running

فَأَوْجَسَ فِي نَفْسِهِ خِيفَةً مُّوسَىٰ
So Musa conceived in his mind a fear
قُلْنَا لَا تَخَفْ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْأَعْلَىٰ
We said: Fear not, surely you shall be the uppermost

وَأَلْقِ مَا فِي يَمِينِكَ تَلْقَفْ مَا صَنَعُوا إِنَّمَا صَنَعُوا كَيْدُ سَاحِرٍ وَلَا يُفْلِحُ السَّاحِرُ حَيْثُ أَتَىٰ

And cast down what is in your right hand; it shall devour what they have wrought; they have wrought only the plan of a magician, and the magician shall not be successful wheresoever he may come from.

Symptoms of Sihr Takhyeel
1⃣ A fixed object would appear to be mobile, while a mobile object would appear to be fixed for the viewer.

2⃣ A small object would appear large, while a large object would appear small for the viewer.

3⃣ The false appearance of objects: Under the effect of the magic of Pharaoh’s sorcerers, ropes and rods appeared to viewers as real snakes.

  1. SIHR OF LOVE (سحر المحبة/التولة)
    The Prophet said: ” Ar-ruqa, at-tama’im and at-tiwala are acts of polytheism .” {Transmitted by Imam Ahmad (1/381), Abu Dawud (3883), Ibn Majja (3530) and Al-Hakim (4/418)}

According to Ibn Al-Athir, at-tiwala is a type of sihr which makes a man to love his wife. The reason why this type of sihr is classed by the Prophet as an act of polytheism is because those who have it done for them believe that it has an effect and does the opposite of what Allah (‘Azza wa Jalla) has prescribed. (An-Nihaya: 1/200)
Ar-ruqa involves seeking the assistance of Jinn and devils, which is an act of polytheism.

Symptoms of Sihr of Love
1⃣ Excessive love and passion.

2⃣ Extreme desire to have sexual intercourse.

3⃣ Impatience of remaining without having sexual intercourse.

4⃣ Extreme lust at the sight of one’s wife.

5⃣ Blind obedience to one’s wife

Adverse Effects of Sihr of Love
1⃣ Sometimes a man falls ill as a result of this sihr. The sickness could last for a number of years.

2⃣ Sometimes the sihr backfires, and the man would hate his wife. This is due to a lack of knowledge the practice of sihr.

3⃣ Sometimes, a woman asks the saahir to prepare a double-effect sihr which makes her husband love her alone and hate all other women.
This results in the man’s hating his mother, sisters, maternal aunts, paternal aunts and all female kinship.

4⃣ Sometimes, the double-effect sihr backfires, and the man ends up by hating all women, even his wife.

There have been similar cases in which a man hated his wife and eventually divorced her. The woman went back to the sorcerer to cancel the sihr, only to find that the saahir had died.

Causes of Sihr of Love
1⃣ Marital squabbles

2⃣ The woman runs after her husband’s wealth (fortune hunter), especially if he is rich.

3⃣ The woman suspects that her husband is going to marry another woman -although this is lawful under Islamic Law- and there is no harm in it. It’s wrong for her to believe that if her husband wants to marry another woman, it means that he does not love her anymore. This is a gross mistake because there are several factors which cause a man to marry up to four women, despite his love for the first wife.

There is, for instance, his desire to have many children, his inability to stay without sexual intercourse during his wife’s menstruation, during her postnatal bleeding, or his intention to establish a relationship with a certain family.


1⃣ Make yourself look very beautiful and attractive to your husband, don’t let him come across any ugly feature or unpleasant smell in you.

2⃣ Giving him a warm smile every time. 😊

3⃣ Talking to him lovingly, and pleasantly.

4⃣ Keeping good company with him.

5⃣ Safeguard his wealth.

6⃣ Taking good care of your children.

7⃣ Keeping the house clean and tidy.

8⃣ Obeying him in all matters, except a matter in which he obliges you to disobey Allah.

There is a stark contradiction in our society today, concerning these matters. A classical example is, when a woman is invited to any social event, she takes special care to ensure that she looks her best by wearing her best outfit and compliments it with her best makeup and jewellery. When she returns home, she removes all her party clothes and jewellery. The poor husband, who has bought that jewellery and dress is deprived of the enjoyment of seeing her wearing them. If she were considerate and smart, she would realize that her husband is the one who deserves to see her in such a beautiful appearance. Therefore, when the husband goes to work, try to finish the housework, wash yourself, make yourself beautiful and attractive, and wait for him.

When he returns home let him see a beautiful woman before him, and let him find food ready in a tidy home.
His love for you will increase and he will feel very much more attached to you. This is the lawful form of attraction, and is very rewarding, especially if your intention in beautifying yourself is to obey Allah and help your husband abstain from looking at other women.

  1. Sihr of Lethargy (سحر الخمول)

A saahir would send a Jinn to the targeted person, instructing him to settle in his brain and make him introverted and lonely. The Jinn would do his best to carry out the mission, and the symptoms of this sihr would appear, according to the strength and weakness of the Jinn entrusted with the task.

1⃣ Love of seclusion.

2⃣ Absolute introversion.

3⃣ Constant silence.

4⃣ Anti-social behavior.

5⃣ Absentmindedness.

6⃣ Frequent headaches.

7⃣ Quietness and constant lethargy.

Sihr is undoubtedly a grave sin in Islam so much so that saahir — practitioner of sihr, are regarded as kaafir(disbeliever).

For such a grave sin, there is a stipulated punishment. It is not permissible in any manner to annul a punishment prescribed by the sharee’ah. Even worse and more abhorrent than that, is approving of the haraam deed and allowing the practitioner of sihr to work his magic in return for paying taxes.

The Messenger of Allaah said, “He is not of us, the one who (looks for) evil omens, or the one on whose behalf they are sought (omens are signs, information, from the unseen used against people), or the one who practices soothsaying, or the one on whose behalf it is practiced; or the one who practices sorcery, or the one for whom sorcery is done.” (At-Tabaraanee)

The Prophet (saws) commanded: “Kill every sorcerer, for this is the punishment ordained by Allah.”

Sihr is one of the worst sins a person can commit on the same level with Kufr, leaving Islam, because Allah says many times in the Quran that it is Kufr.

Imam Ahmad said, “Capital punishment for the sorcerer has been authentically reported from three companions of the Prophet. It is reported from Umar that he wrote, “Kill every sorcerer and sorceress.” Bujaalah (a sub-narrator of the hadith) said, “Then we killed three sorceresses.”

It is also authentically reported from Hafsah (the Prophet’s wife) that she ordered a maid of hers to be killed because she did sorcery on her.

Ibn Kathir stated: “The death penalty has another antecedent in the story of Hafsa (the wife of the prophet), Umm al-Mu’minin. One of her female
servants performed Sihr on her, so she ordered that her servant be killed, and the killing was carried out”

According to Imam Ahmad, three companions of Rasulullah (saws) confirmed that the punishment for a Saahir is the death penalty.” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 1/144)

It is authentically reported that the great companion of the Prophet (peace be upon him) Jundub ibn `Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) saw a magician deceive people by cutting his head off and returning it to it’s place again (a street magician performing an illusion). Upon that, Jundub (may Allah be pleased with him) drew near to the magician without his notice and killed him and said to him, “Then, return your head if you are truthful.”

According to Ibn Qudamah, the punishment for practicing Sihr was also the death sentence and this is the opinion reported by the companions of the prophet (saws), among others, of Umar (ra), Uthman Ibn Affan (ra), Ibn Umar (ra), Hafsa (ra), Jundub Ibn Abdullah (ra), Jundub Ibn Ka’b (ra), Qays Ibn Sa’d (ra) and Umar Ibn Abdu’l-Aziz, it is also the view of Abu Hanifa and Malik.

Ibn Hajar reported that according to Imam Malik, the punishment for practicing Sihr is similar to that applicable to az-Zindiq (a person who does not believe in the hereafter or who openly declares his faith, but conceals his Kufr). His repentance should not be accepted, and he must be killed if it is confirmed that he is really a Saahir. This is also the view of Imam Ahmad.

In conclusion, according to the aforementioned views, the majority of scholars are of the opinion that the Saahir should be killed.


  1. Do Not Practice Nushrah (النشرة)
    Nushrah means removing sihr from a person who has been affected by it by using more sihr. Whoever is affected by sihr should not treat it with sihr, because evil cannot be removed by evil, and kufr cannot be removed by kufr. Evil is removed by good.

Hence when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about al-nushrah
(treating sihr with sihr), he said: “This is the work of the Shaytaan.”

  1. Treat sihr with recitation of the Qur’aan
    The greatest soorah in the Qur’aan, which is al-Faatihah, should be recited over the person who has been affected with sihr. This should be repeated several times. If it is recited by a believing, righteous person who knows that everything is subject to the will and decree of Allaah, that Allaah is in control of all things, that when He says to a thing ‘Be!’ it is, if the recitation is based on faith, taqwa and sincerity, and is repeated several times, then the sihr may be removed and the person may recover by Allaah’s Leave.

Some of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) passed by some Bedouins whose shaykh, i.e., their leader, had been bitten. They had done everything they could but he had not gotten any better. They said to one of the Sahaabah, “Is there any raaqi (one who performs ruqyah) among you?” They said, “Yes.” So one of them recited Soorat al-Faatihah over him, and he immediately got up full of energy as if nothing had happened; Allaah healed him of the ill-effects of that snakebite.

  1. Performing ruqyah for one affected by sihr
    It is prescribed to perform ruqyah for the one who has been bitten or stung, and the one who has been affected by sihr, and the one who is sick by reciting good du’aa’s, even if they were not transmitted from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), so long as they do not contain anything that is haraam, because of the general meaning of the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “There is nothing wrong with
    ruqyah so long as it does not involve shirk .”

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) performed ruqyah and had it performed for him. There is a lot of good in ruqyah, and a great deal of benefit in it. Al-Faatihah , Aayat al-Kursiy , “Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad”, al-Mi’wadhatayn (Soorah An Nas and Al Falaq) and other aayahs may be recited over the person who has been affected by sihr, as well as good du’aa’s narrated in the ahaadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

  1. Believing in Allah’s decree
    The patient affected by sihr does not necessarily recover, because not every sick person does recover. Allaah may decree that he should recover, or He may not decree that, as a test and a trial, or for other reasons which are known to Allaah. When the appointed time of death comes, no treatment will be of any avail, because Allaah says:

Surah Al-Munafiqoon, Verse 11:

وَلَن يُؤَخِّرَ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِذَا جَاءَ أَجَلُهَا وَاللَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

And Allah grants respite to none when his appointed time (death) comes. And Allah is All-Aware of what you do.

If however the victim is healed, all well and good. The bottom line is to believe that whatever the outcome is, it has been decreed by Allah and should be accepted in good faith.

Sihr is haraam (unlawful) and kufr (disbelief), because Allaah has stated that the magician (witch, sorcerer) will have no share in the Hereafter and this ruling is found emphatically in a single verse (amongst others). Allaah, the Most High, said, in the verse in Surah al-Baqarah regarding Sulaymaan (alayhis salaam), the Angels Harut and Marut and Babylon (Baabil):

ﻭَﻣَﺎ ﻛَﻔَﺮَ ﺳُﻠَﻴْﻤَﺎﻥُ ﻭَﻟَﻜِﻦَّ ﺍﻟﺸَّﻴَﺎﻃِﻴﻦَ ﻛَﻔَﺮُﻭﺍ

And Sulayman did not disbelieve but the devils disbelieved…

ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻧَﺤْﻦُ ﻓِﺘْﻨَﺔٌ ﻓَﻼ ﺗَﻜْﻔُﺮْ

We (the two Angels, Harut and Marut) are a tribulation so do not disbelieve ..

ﻭَﻟَﻘَﺪْ ﻋَﻠِﻤُﻮﺍ ﻟَﻤَﻦِ ﺍﺷْﺘَﺮَﺍﻩُ ﻣَﺎ ﻟَﻪُ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻵﺧِﺮَﺓِ
ﻣِﻦْ ﺧَﻼﻕٍ

And they knew that whoever purchased of it (magic), that he would have no share of the Hereafter. (al-Baqarah 2:102)

This is because magic is done with the assistance of the Shayaateen (devils, demons), and it does not takes place except through disbelief (kufr),
associating partners with Allah (shirk), worship of the devils and worship of the stars.

In the hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhari, Muslim, an-Nasaa’ee and Abu Dawud:

ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ
ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ : ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺒﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺑﻘﺎﺕ. ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ : ﻳﺎ
ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻫﻦ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ : ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻙ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ، ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮ،
ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺣﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﺘﻠﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻖ،
ﻭﺃﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎ، ﻭﺃﻛﻞ ﻣﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻴﺘﻴﻢ، ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﻟﻲ ﻳﻮﻡ
ﺍﻟﺰﺣﻒ، ﻭﻗﺬﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻓﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﺎﺕ

From Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Avoid the seven destroyers”. They (the Companions) said, “O Messenger of Allaah, what are they?”. Hemsaid: “Shirk (associating partners) with Allaah (in worship), magic, killing a soul whose killing Allaah has made unlawful without due right, consuming interest (usury), consuming the wealth of an orphan, fleeing from the battlefield, and accusing the believing, unaware, protected (married) women.”

In this hadeeth, the Messenger (alayhis salaam) put magic next to shirk (associating partners with Allaah in worship), since magic requires the assistance of the devils and this only takes place through obeying and worshiping them.

And Allah knows best!

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)




Written & Compiled by; Assoutudeen Abu Mubāshīr

All praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. May His Peace and Blessings be upon our Noble Prophet, Muhammad at all times.

It is still important to say to all Muslim brothers and sisters though belatedly, “Eid Fitr Mubarak”!! May Allah accept our fasting and all our righteous deeds in the most blessed month of Ramadan. Amin.

There is no gainsaying about the fact that no month is comparable to Ramadan in the life of a Muslim. That is why any sincere Muslim will always wish that Ramadan stays, or at least wishes to live the spirit of the month throughout the year. But now, Ramadan, 1441 A.H is over.

What’s after Ramadan? Do the lessons of Ramadan end with it, or continue after it? To answer this question, we shall briefly go over these lessons:

1⃣ Fasting
We’ve learned from fasting how to soften our souls, break our desires and performing the concept of Uboodiyah to Allah alone. The prophet (peace be upon him) encouraged us to fast six days during the month of Shawwal when he said, “Whoever fasts the month of Ramadan and he follows it with six days of Shawwal, it is as if he fasts the whole year”. (Bukhari)

It was the tradition of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to fast Mondays, Thursdays, three days of each lunar month, the day of Arafah, Ashourah and most of Sha’ban and Muharram.

2⃣ Praying Tahjuud
Praying at night was the habit of the Prophet (peace be upon him) throughout his life, and he used to encourage his followers to do so. He (peace be upon him) said, “Do qiyam-ul-lail, the night prayer; it used to be the good deeds of the pious people before you. It draws you closer to your Lord, it causes your sins to be forgiven, and it causes you to avoid doing bad deeds”. (Abu Dāwood)

Allah (may He be exalted!) describes his pious servants that “they used to sleep a little at night” in Surat Al-Sajdah.

3⃣ The recitation of the Quran
You must not stop reading the Quran after Ramadan, otherwise you’ll be among those whom the prophet (peace be upon him and his households) described as Allah says, “And the messenger said, ‘O my Lord! Verily my people have deserted this Quran.

And remember the advice of the Prophet(peace be upon him) when he said, “Read the Quran repeatedly, for the reason that it is easier to be released from the chests of men than the camel from its leash”. (Muslim & Bukhari). So open your heart to the orders and advice of Allah, and make sure that your wife and children learn how to read correctly the book of Allah.

4⃣ Charity
Allah (may He be exalted!) says, “those who spend their wealth day and night, secretly and publicly, their reward is with their lord…’

The prophet (peace be upon him) was very generous, like wind loaded with rain. Remember that Allah (may He be exalted!) will compensate you for what you spend, and that spending is a sign of having Eeman. Spending from your wealth will benefit you in your life and in the hereafter. The messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “When the son of Adam dies, his deeds will be terminated except in case of one of these three:
👉 a continual charity,

👉 a beneficial knowledge, and

👉 a pious son who prays for his father.

5⃣ Abandoning the Evil
Abandoning evil and sins is a must in Ramadan and outside Ramadan. It is the deed of the people of true faith. There is no goodness in a Muslim who doesn’t engage evil in Ramadan but as soon as Ramadan ends, he goes back to his evil deeds. Knowing that Eid is an excellent chance to wash the hearts from hatred and bad feeling, the prophet (peace be upon him) says, “It’s not allowed for a Muslim to avoid his brother over three nights. They both meet, but this turns away and that turns away, and the best of them is the one who initiates Salam”. (Bukhari)

So be better than your brother and initiate the Salam. I ask Allah (may He be exalted!) to bless us all, to accept our Ibadah, and to free us all from the hellfire. (Aameen)

And Allah knows best!

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)



📚 The Concept of Solatul-l-Eid

Written and Compiled by: HasbiyaLlah Al Manbahiy.

📘 What’s Solatul Eid?

Eid literally means a day where people gather for celebration while in the Shari’ah of Al Islam, Eid is limited to only two day; Eidul Fitr (1st day of Shawwal) and Eidul ‘Adha (10th day of Dhul-Hijjah).

📘 What’s the ruling on Solatul Eid?

The scholars unanimously agreed that the Eid prayer is prescribed in Islam. Some of them say that it is Sunnah, some say that it is fard kifaayah (a communal obligation) and some say that it is fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and that not doing it is a sin. They quoted as evidence the fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded even the virgins and women in seclusion, i.e., those who did not ordinarily come out, to attend the Eid prayer place, except that those who were menstruating should keep away from the prayer-place itself, because it is not permissible for a menstruating woman to stay in the mosque; it is permissible for her to pass through but not to stay there.

This was also the view favoured by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him).

To buttress the point of being fard ayn, if Jumu’ah and Eid fall on the same day, the Eid prayer should be held, as should Jumu’ah prayer, as it is indicated by the apparent meaning of the hadeeth of al-Nu’maan ibn Basheer which was narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh. But those who attend the Eid prayer with the imam may attend Jumu’ah if they wish, or they may pray Zuhr.

Therefore, if Eid prayer isn’t obligatory, it shouldn’t have rendered an obligatory action (praying solatul Jumuah) to be a matter of choice. This is a basic ruling in Usulu Fiqh.

📘 How is it prayed?

Eid prayer is one where the Imam attends and leads the people in praying two rak’ahs.

‘Umar Ibn Khattab (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The prayer of al-Fitr is two rak’ahs and the prayer of al-Adha is two rak’ahs, complete and not shortened, on the tongue of your Prophet, and the one who fabricates lies is doomed.”

This hadith was narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah and Imam An Nisai in his sunnah.

It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to come out on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha to the prayer place, and the first thing he would do was to offer the prayer. Narrated by al-Bukhaari: 956.

In the first rak’ah he should say Takbeerat al-ihraam (say “Allaahu akbar” to start the prayer), after which he should say six or seven more takbeers, because of the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), “The takbeer of al-Fitr and al-Adha is seven takbeers in the first rak’ah and five takbeers in the second, apart from the takbeer of rukoo’

This was narrated by Abu Dawood and classed as saheeh by Sheikh al-Albaani

Then he should recite al-Faatihah, and recite Soorat Qaf in the first rak’ah. In the second rak’ah he should stand up saying takbeer, and when he has stood up completely he should say takbeer five times, and recite Soorat al-Faatihah then Soorat al-Qamar. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite these two soorahs during the two Eids. Or if he wishes he can recite Soorat al-A’la in the first rak’ah and Soorat al-Ghaashiyah in the second, because it was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite al-A’la and al-Ghaashiyah in the Eid prayer.

The Imam should revive the Sunnah be reciting these soorahs so that the Muslims will become familiar with the Sunnah.

After the prayer, the imam should address the people. Part of the khutbah should be addressed specifically to the women, telling them of the things that they should do and warning them against the things that they should avoid, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do. Because it was reported that the Messenger of Allah will adress the women separately after addressing the men.

The Khutubah would come after the prayer as opposed its position in Solatul Jumuah. Abu Sa’eed (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to come out to the prayer place on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha, and the first thing he would start with was the prayer, then he would go and stand facing the people, while the people were sitting in their rows, and he would preach to them and advise them and command them. If he wanted to send out a military expedition he would do so and if he wanted to tell the people to do something he would do so, then he would leave.

📘 What are the etiquettes to be observed on or before the day of Eid?

1⃣It is highly encouraged to recite takbeer during the night of Eid from sunset on the last day of Ramadaan until the imam comes to lead the prayer. Any of the two prescribed takbeers can be used :

Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, laa iLaaha ill-Allaah, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, wa Lillaahi’l-hamd (Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, there is no god except Allaah, Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great , Allaah is Most Great, and all praise be to Allaah).

Or you say :

Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, wa Lillaahi’l-hamd (Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, there is no god except Allaah, Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, and all praise be to Allaah).

2⃣ The men should wear their best dress and the women should also appear decent but not in flashy dress that will attract the men. It is forbidden for them to wear perfume or cosmetics.

3⃣ It’s encouraged to perform ritual bath as we do for the day of Jumuah. Some reports have it that some of the pious predecessors used to observe Ghusl on the day of Eid.

4⃣ Eating odd number of dates before setting out for Eidul Fitr prayer is encouraged as this has been reported from the Messenger of Allah.

5⃣ One of the rulings on the day of Eid – Eid al-Fitr – is that Zakaat al-Fitr is due on this day. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined that it should be paid before the Eid prayer. It is permissible to pay it one or two days before that, because of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) which was narrated by al-Bukhaari: “They used to give it one or two days before (Eid) al-Fitr.” If it is paid after the Eid prayer, it does not count as Sadaqat al-Fitr, because of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas: “Whoever pays it before the prayer, it is Zakaat al-Fitr, and whoever pays it after the prayer, it is ordinary charity.”

6⃣ Taking different route while going and coming from the prayer ground. Jabir bin Abdullah narrated that: On the day of Eid, the Prophet used to return (after offering the Eid prayer) through a way different from that by which he went. Narrated by Imam Al Bukhari.

📘 Ruling on offering Eid prayer at home because of this current pandemic

Firstly, there are different of opinions of scholars on whoever missed the Eid prayer for a reason. They differed on the number of rakahs he should made and if they have to make khutubah for it if they are many.

Al-Muzni narrated from al-Shaafa’i (may Allah have mercy on him) in Mukhtasar al-Umm: He may offer the Eid prayer on his own in his house, as may the traveller, the slave and the woman.

Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni (Hanbali): He has the choice: if he wishes he may pray it on his own, and if he wishes he may pray it in congregation.

In summary, if a person misses it and wants to make it up, it is mustahabb for him to do that, so he should pray it in the proper manner but without a khutbah following it. This is the view of Imam Maalik, al-Shaafa’i, Ahmad, al-Nakha’i and other scholars. The basic principle concerning that is the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): “If you come to the prayer then come walking, calmly and with dignity. Whatever you catch up with, pray, and whatever you miss, make it up.”

That being said, can we say praying Eid at home because of the current pandemic falls under the same ruling of someone who miss the Eid?

Shaykh ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan al-Barraak has issued a fatwa stating that if it is not possible to offer the Eid prayer in any land because of the epidemic and lockdown, then the ruling is the same ruling as applies to one who misses the Eid prayer. So this prayer may be offered at home without a khutbah.

He (may Allah preserve him) says:

If it is not possible to hold the Eid prayers because of some impediments, as it’s the case at present, then the ruling on that is the same as the ruling on one who misses this prayer – meaning the Eid prayer.

There are several scholarly views concerning that. Some said that he should offer this prayer with two rak‘ahs, and others said that it should be four rakahs. And some said that it should be offered in the usual manner, which is the correct view. What that means is that it should be offered with two rak‘ahs and the extra takbeeraat, the recitation should be done out loud, and there should be no khutbah, as it’s the case with every act of worship that is being made up: it should be made up in the manner in which it is usually done, and it may be offered individually or in congregation.

The evidence for that is what Anas ibn Maalik (may Allah be pleased with him) used to do. If he missed the Eid prayer, he would gather his family and his sons, then his freed slave ‘Abdullah ibn Abi ‘Utbah would lead them in praying two rak‘ahs, saying the takbeeraat, like the prayer and takbeeraat of the people of the city.

With regard to the view that the Eid prayer cannot be made up, that is not applicable in this case, because in the current situation the Eid prayer cannot be offered in the first place, so the obligation to offer it has not been carried out. Rather in this situation we may draw an analogy for the Eid prayer with the one who missed it, as noted above. And Allah knows best.

End of Shaykh quote.

In conclusion, many scholars are of the view that Solatul Eid can be prayed at home either individually or in congregation owing to a valid reason as it’s in the case of this current pandemic.

We beseech Allah to wipe away this virus from the earth and forgive us all our shortcomings. He’s the only One with absolute power over His creations.

And Allah knows best

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation



ZAKAATUL-FITR ( ﺯﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻄﺮ )

Written & Compiled by: Assoutudeen Abu Mubāshīr

🍿 Zakaatul-Fitr is charity given to the poor at the end of the fasting period in the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. The Arabic word Fitr (ﻓﻄﺮ) means the same as iftar (ﺍﻓﻄﺎﺭ), breaking a fast, and it comes from the same root word as Futoor ( ﻓﻄﻮﺭ ) which means breakfast.

It is a duty which is compulsory (ﻭﺍﺟﺐ) upon every Muslim, whether male or female, minor or adult as long as he or she has the means to do so. It is incumbent on every free Muslim who possesses one sa’ (ﺻﺎﻉ) of dates or barley which is not needed as a basic food for himself or his family for the duration of one day and night. Every free Muslim must pay zakat ul-fitr for himself, his wife, children, and servants.

It was made obligatory in the month of Sha’ban in the second year of the hijrah. Its purpose is to purify one who fasts from any indecent act or speech and to help the poor and needy.

Meanwhile, the significant role played by Zakat in the circulation of wealth within the Islamic society is also played by the Sadaqat al-Fitr . However, in the case of Sadaqat al-Fitr, each individual is required to calculate how much charity is due from himself and his dependents and go into the community in order to find those who deserve such charity. Thus, Sadaqat al-Fitr plays a very important role in the development of the bonds of community.

🍿 When Zakat ul-Fitr is Due

Zakat al-Fitr is only Wajib for a particular period of time. If one misses the time, it cannot be made up. It is accepted as zakah for the person who pays it before the ‘eid salah, and it is sadaqah for the one who pays it after the salah.

This form of charity becomes obligatory from sunset on the last day of fasting and remains obligatory until the beginning of Eid Prayer (i.e shortly after sunrise on the following day). However, it can be paid prior to the above-mentioned period, as many of the Sahabah (companions of the Prophet) used to pay Sadaqah al-Fitr a couple days before theEid.

🍿 The Amount of Zakat ul-Fitr

The required amount of zakat ul-fitr is one sa’ ( ﺻﺎﻉ ) of wheat, barley, raisins, dry cottage cheese (aqit), rice, corn, or similar items considered as basic foods (qut).

The amount of Zakat is the same for everyone regardless of their different income brackets. The minimum amount is one sa(four double handfuls) of food, grain or dried fruit for each member of the family. This calculation is based on Ibn ‘Umar’s report that the Prophet made Zakat al-Fitr compulsory and payable by a sa of dried dates or a sa` of barley.

Abu Saeed al-Khudree also said, “In the Prophet’s time, we used to give it (Zakatal Fitr) as a sa of food, dried dates, barley, raisins or dried cheese”. [Bukhari- Arabic/English vol. 2, p. 340, no. 582].

According to another report, he said: When the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was amongst us, we used to pay zakaat al-fitr on behalf of everyone, young and old, free and slave, a saa‘ of foodstuff or a saa‘ of dried yoghurt or a saa‘ of barley or a saa‘ of dates or a saa‘ of raisins.

A number of scholars interpreted “foodstuff” in this hadeeth as referring to wheat; others are of the view is that what is meant is the foodstuff of a region, no matter what it is, whether it is wheat or corn or something else.

This is the correct view, because zakaah is a means by which the rich help the poor, and the Muslim is not required to help with anything other than the staple food of his country.

Undoubtedly rice was a staple food in the land of the two Holy Sanctuaries, and it was a good and precious food, and superior to barley, which the text says is acceptable. Thus it is known that there is nothing wrong with giving rice for zakat al-fitr. End quote. ( Majmoo‘ Fataawa ash-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (14/200))

🚭 Note: one sà (صاع) = four Mudd (مد)

🍿 Those Who Are Entitled To Receive Zakaatul Fitri

The recipients of Zakaatul fitri are the same sets of people who are eligible to receive the real Zakaat according to the scholars. Allah (may He be exalted) says;

إِنَّمَا ٱلصَّدَقَٰتُ لِلْفُقَرَآءِ وَٱلْمَسَٰكِينِ وَٱلْعَٰمِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَٱلْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِى ٱلرِّقَابِ وَٱلْغَٰرِمِينَ وَفِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبْنِ ٱلسَّبِيلِۖ فَرِيضَةً مِّنَ ٱللَّهِۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ

Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise. (Suuratul Tawbah verse 60).

From the above verse, it is evident that there are eight categories of people entitled to Zakaatul fitri in this regard. They are;

1️⃣ The (فقراء) Poor: The poor are the most set of people who’re entitled to Zakaatul fitri. Scholars have unanimously agreed upon this due to the fact that Allah Himself put them in the forefront of receiving this.

2️⃣ The (مساكين) Needy: The prophet had defined the Needy in the popular hadith narrated by Abu Hurayra that;
لَيْسَ الْمِسْكِينُ بِهَذَا الطَّوَّافِ الَّذِي يَطُوفُ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَتَرُدُّهُ اللُّقْمَةُ وَاللُّقْمَتَانِ وَالتَّمْرَةُ وَالتَّمْرَتَان .الَّذِي لَا يَجِدُ غِنًى يُغْنِيهِ وَلَا يُفْطَنُ لَهُ فَيُتَصَدَّقَ عَلَيْهِ وَلَا يَسْأَلُ النَّاسَ شَيْيًا.

The needy person is not the one who goes round the people and asks them for a mouthful or two (of meals) or a date or two. They asked, “Then who is the needy person, O Allah’s Messenger!” He said, The one who does not have enough to satisfy his needs and whose condition is not known to others, that others may give him something in charity, and who does not beg of people. (Bukhari & Muslim).

3️⃣ The task employees: These are the set of people who are legally employed to foster the easy distribution of the zakaah within their respective territories. They are entitled to it as well except if they are the family/relatives of the prophet. The Messenger of Allah says,
إِنَّ الصَّدَقَةَ لَا تَحِلُّ لِمُحَمَّدٍ وَلَا لاِلِ مُحَمَّدٍ إِنَّمَا هِيَ أَوْسَاخُ النَّاس

Verily, the alms are not allowed for Muhammad nor the relatives of Muhammad, for it is only the dirt that the people discard. Meanwhile, those who are eligible shouldn’t take more than what’s needed and expected of them in the Zakaatul fitri.

4️⃣ Al-Mu’allafatu Qulubuhum: They are those who are given alms to embrace Islam. They are the categories of people who just revert to the fold of Islam from other ‘religions’. They are given this so that their heart will be firmer in faith and become better in Islam.

5️⃣ The Riqab: According to the scholars of tafseer, the ‘Riqab’ means those slaves who make an agreement with the master to pay a certain ransom for their freedom.”

6️⃣ Al-Gharimun (the Indebted): According to the scholars, these categories of Muslims include those;
👉 who incur expenses in solving disputes between people.

👉 those who guarantee a loan that became due.

👉those debts causing financial strain to them.

👉 those whose funds do not sufficiently cover their debts.

👉 It also includes those who indulged in a sin and repented from it.

7️⃣ Those who fought in Allah’s cause: This is exclusive for the benefit of the fighters in Jihad, who do not receive compensation from the Muslim Treasury or any set of people in similar category.

8️⃣ Ibn As-Sabil (Wayfarer): Ibn As-Sabil is a term used for the needy traveler in a land, where he does not have what helps him continue his trip. This type has a share in the Zakah and Zakaatul fitri for what suffices him to reach his destination, even if he had money there.

Summarily, these categories of people are all entitled to Zakaatul fitri except stated otherwise as regards the Shariah rulings in special conditions. This is to make everyone happy on eid day no matter the circumstance. May almighty Allah blot out this pandemic soonest and return us all back to our various masaajids. (Aameen)

And Allah knows best!

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)




Written and Compiled by; Assoutudeen Abu Mubaashir!

I’tikaaf refers to going into seclusion in the mosque for the sole purpose of worshipping Allah and attaching oneself and one’s heart to His worship for a certain number of days, and staying away from worldly affairs. A person observing I’tikaf ( ﻣﻌﺘﻜﻒ ) is expected to stay in a mosque for the duration of the I’tikaaf (except for certain things as described below in the prophetic sayings:

📘 Aa’ishah reported that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) observed I’tikaf, he did not enter the house except to relieve himself. Narrated by Muslim (297).

Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used not to enter the house except for things that a person needs when he was observing I’tikaf. [Al-Bukhari (2092) and Muslim (297)]

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said that what is meant by things that a person needs is to urinate and defecate, because every person need to do that.

Similarly, he also needs to eat and drink. If he does not have anyone who can bring him food and drink, then he may go out to get them if he needs to. For everything that he cannot do without and cannot do in the mosque, he may go out for that purpose, and that does not invalidate his I’tikaf, so long as he does not take a long time doing it. (al-Mughni (4/466)


I’tikaf is of two types: sunnah and obligatory.

1⃣ The sunnah i’tikaf is that which the Muslim performs to get closer to Allah by following the actions of the Prophet, upon whom be peace, especially during the last ten days of Ramadan.

2⃣ The obligatory i’tikaf is that which the person makes obligatory upon himself. This may be done, for example, by an oath: “For Allah I must make i’tikaf,” or by a conditional oath: “If Allah cures me, I shall make i’tikaf …”

In Sahih al-Bukhari it is reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said: _”Whoever makes an oath to obey Allah should be obedient to Him.” ‘Umar said: “O Messenger of Allah, I made an oath to perform i’tikaaf one night in the mosque at Makkah.” The Prophet, upon whom be peace, said: “Fulfill your oath.”


There is a difference of opinion among the jurists concerning which mosques are acceptable for itikaf. According to Abu Hanifah, Ahmad, Ishaq, and At- Thawr, itikaf is valid in any mosque in which the five prayers are held and which has a congregation. This is based on the hadith of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him): “Every mosque that has a caller to prayer and an imam is acceptable for i`tikaf .” (Ad-Daraqutni)

Imam Malik, ash-Shafii, and Dawud say that it is acceptable in any mosque, as there is no proof that restricts it to any particular mosque. The Shafi followers say it is better to perform itikaf in a Jami mosque (in which the Jumah prayer is performed), as the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) performed itikaf in such a mosque, and because the number of those who attend the prayers in such a mosque is greater. If the period of itikaf includes the time for the Jumah prayer, then one must perform it in the Jamimosque in order not to miss the Jumah prayer.


With regard to entering the place of i’tikaaf, the majority of scholars (including the four imams Abu Haneefah, Maalik, al-Shaafa’i and Ahmad, may Allaah have mercy on them) are of the view that the one who wants to observe i’tikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadaan should enter his place of i’tikaaf before the sun sets on the night of the twenty-first. They quoted several texts as evidence, including the following:

1⃣ It was proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to observe i’tikaaf during the last ten nights of Ramadaan (Agreed upon)

This indicates that the period of i’tikaaf is counted by the nights, not the days. Based on this, he should enter the mosque before the sun sets on the night of the twenty-first.

2⃣ They (the scholars) said that one of the greatest aims of i’tikaaf is to seek Laylat al-Qadr, and the night of the twenty-first is one of the odd-numbered nights in the last ten nights of Ramadaan, so it may possibly be Laylat al-Qadr, so he should be observing i’tikaaf on that night.

However, al-Bukhaari (2041) and Muslim (1173) narrated that ‘Aa’ishah said: When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wanted to observe i’tikaaf, he would pray Fajr then enter his place of i’tikaaf.

Scholars have interpreted this hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had started i’tikaaf before the sun set, but he did not enter the place for i’tikaaf until after Fajr prayer.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: The majority of scholars are of the view that i’tikaaf should begin on the night of the twenty first, not from Fajr of the twenty-first, although some of the scholars are of the view that i’tikaaf should begin from Fajr of the twenty-first, based on the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that was narrated by al-Bukhaari: “When he had prayed Fajr he entered his place of i’tikaaf”. But the majority of scholars responded by stating that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) withdrew from people in the morning, but the intention to observe i’tikaaf was formed at the beginning of the night, because the last ten nights start when the sun sets on the twentieth.

The period of i’tikaaf during the (last) ten nights of Ramadaan ends when the sun sets on the last day of the month. If the mu’takif (ﻣﻌﺘﻜﻒ) chooses to stay until he has prayed Fajr and then depart from his place of i’tikaaf to the Eid prayer, there is nothing wrong with that. Some of the scholars regarded that as mustahabb.
Imam Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) said that he saw that some of the scholars who had observed i’tikaaf during the last ten nights of Ramadaan did not go back to their families until they had attended the (prayer of Eid) al-Fitr with the people. Maalik said: I heard that from the righteous people who have passed on, and this is the dearest to me of what I have heard about that.

Al-Shaafa’i and his companions said: Whoever would like to follow the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in observing i’tikaaf during the last ten nights of Ramadaan should enter the mosque before the sun sets on the night of the twenty-first, so that he will not miss any of it, and he should come out after the sun sets on the night of Eid, whether the month is twenty-nine days or thirty. It is better for him to stay in the mosque on the night of Eid so that he can offer the Eid prayer there, or go out to the Eid prayer-place if they pray Eid there. If he goes directly from i’tikaaf to the Eid prayer, it is mustahabb for him to do ghusl and make himself look good before going out, because this is one of the Sunnahs of Eid.


📘Al-Imam Muslim narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) said:

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) observed i’tikaaf during the first ten days of Ramadaan, then he observed i’tikaaf during the middle ten days in a small tent at the door of which was a red mat. He took the mat in his hand and lifted it. Then he put his head out and spoke to the people, and they came close to him. He said: “I observed i’tikaaf during the first ten days seeking this night, then I observed i’tikaaf during the middle ten days. Then someone came and said to me that it is in the last ten days, so whoever among you wishes to observe i’tikaaf let him do so.” So the people observed i’tikaaf with him.

This hadeeth teaches us a number of things:

1⃣- That the basic goal of the i’tikaaf of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was to seek Laylat al-Qadr and to prepare to spend that night in worship. That is because of the great virtue of that night of which Allaah says:

Surah Al-Qadr, Verse 3:

ﻟَﻴْﻠَﺔُ ﺍﻟْﻘَﺪْﺭِ ﺧَﻴْﺮٌ ﻣِّﻦْ ﺃَﻟْﻒِ ﺷَﻬْﺮٍ

The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, (i.e. 83 years and 4 months).

2⃣- The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) strove to seek that night before he was told when it is. So he started with the first ten days, then he observed it during the middle ten, then he continued to observe i’tikaaf during the last ten days, when he was told that it is in the last ten days. This is the utmost effort to seek Laylat al-Qadr.

3⃣- The Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) followed the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), because they started i’tikaaf and continued with him until the end of the month, because they were so keen to follow his example.

4⃣- The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was compassionate towards his companions and showed mercy to them, because he knew that i’tikaaf was difficult for them. So he gave them the choice between staying with him or of leaving, and said: “…so whoever among you wishes to observe i’tikaaf let him do so.”

Other aims of itikaaf

1⃣- Being alone with Allaah and cutting oneself off from people if possible, so that one may focus completely on Allaah.

2⃣- Renewing oneself spiritually by focusing totally on Allaah.

3⃣- Cutting oneself off completely in order to worship Allaah with prayer, du’aa’, dhikr and reading Qur’aan.

4⃣- Protecting one’s fast from everything that may affect it of whims and desires.

5⃣- Reducing permissible worldly pleasures and refraining from many of them even though one is able to enjoy them.


The following acts are permissible for one who is making i’tikaf:

1⃣ The person may leave his place of i’tikaaf to bid farewell to his wife

Safiyyah bint Huyàae reported: “The Prophet was performing i’tikaaf and I went to visit him during the night. I talked to him and then I got up to go. He got up with me and accompanied me to my house. (Her residence was in the house of Usamah ibn Zaid. Two men of the Ansar passed by them and when they saw the Prophet they quickened their pace.) The Prophet said: ‘Hold on, she is Safiyyah bint Hayayee.’ They said: ‘Glory be to Allah, O Messenger of Allah, we did not have any doubt about you].’ The Prophet, upon whom be peace, said: ‘Satan flows in the person like blood. I feared that he might have whispered some [slander] into your heart.'” This is related by al-Bukhari, Muslim, and Abu Dawud.

2⃣ Combing and cutting one’s hair, clipping one’s nails, cleaning one’s body, wearing nice clothes or wearing perfume

‘Aishah reported: “The Prophet was performing i’tikaaf and he would put his head out through the opening to my room and I would clean [or comb in one narration] his hair. I was menstruating at the time.” This is related by al-Bukhari, Muslim, and Abu Dawud.

3⃣ The person may go out for some need that he must perform

‘Aishah reported: “When the Prophet performed i’tikaaf, he brought his head close to me so I could comb his hair, and he would not enter the house except to fulfill the needs a person has.” This is related by al-Bukhari, Muslim, and others.

Ibn al-Munzhir says: “The scholars agree that the one who performs i’tikaaf may leave the mosque in order to answer the call of nature, for this is something that he personally must perform, and he cannot do it in the mosque. Also, if he needs to eat or drink and there is no one to bring him his food, he may leave to get it. If one needs to vomit, he may leave the mosque to do so. For anything that he must do but cannot do in the mosque, he can leave it, and such acts will not void his i’tikaf, even if they take a long time. Examples of these types of acts would include washing one’s self from sexual defilement and cleaning his body or clothes from impurities.”

4⃣. The person may eat, drink, and sleep in the mosque, and he should also keep it clean. He may make contracts for marriage if need be but must be out of sincerity, buying, selling, and so on are also reasonably allowed by the scholars.

Meanwhile, In this current (pandemic) situation where observing normal and compulsory solaah in congregation isn’t welcomed, observing iitikaaf in such standard masaajids may not be allowed as well as emphasized by some sets of scholars. We hope and expect that Allah will reward those who are used to observing iitikaāf before this pandemic in totality if they leave going to masjids to perform iitikaaf for His sake only. Therefore we enjoined us to increase in our Qur’an recitation most especially at the last ten nights of Ramadhan, observe unlimited nawaafil and other acts of worship even when we are not allowed to observe iitikaaf in our various standard mosques. May almighty Allah never deny us the complete reward in both worlds. (Aameen).

And Allah knows best!

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)




Compiled and Written by; Assoutudeen Abu Mubashīr


Izkher is a wild grass that grows in deserts; it is totally managed by Allah & remains untouched by human’s cultivation & irrigation. It is translated as lemongrass in English, but Izkher’s fragrant smell & bitter taste is much stronger than the ordinary lemongrass.

Lemongrass, also called fever grass, is a perennial plant with thin, long leaves that is indigenous to many Asian and African countries. As the name implies, lemongrass smells like lemon, but it tastes milder and sweeter even much more of perfume. This herb is used in various Asian cuisines as a flavoring agent due to its potent flavor.

Nutritionally, lemongrass is a good source of vitamins A and C, folate, folic acid, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, potassium, phosphorus, calcium and manganese. It also has minute traces of B vitamins. Along with its culinary uses, lemongrass is useful in alternative or complementary remedies for a wide range of ailments.


📕إذْخِرٌ: ثبت فى “الصحيح”، عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال فى مكةَ: “لا يُختَلَى خَلاَها”، قال له العباس رضى الله عنه: إلا الإذْخِرَ يا رسولَ اللهِ؛ فإنه لِقَيْنِهم ولبيوتِهِم، فقال: “إلا الإذْخِرَ”

والإذْخِرُ حارٌ فى الثانية، يابسٌ فى الأُولى، لطيف مفتح للسُّددِ، وأفواه العروقُ، يُدرُّ البَوْل والطَّمْث، ويُفَتِّتُ الحصى، ويُحلِّل الأورام الصلبة فى المَعِدَة والكَبِد والكُلْيَتين شرباً وضِماداً، وأصلُه يُقوِّى عمودَ الأسنان والمَعِدَة، ويسكن الغَثَيان، ويَعْقِلُ البطن.

📙In the Sahih Hadith, it is narrated that Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said in Makkah about its plants: “Do not cut its plants.” Abdullah bn Abāss said, “Except for Izkher, O Messenger of Allah for their (the people of Makkah) servants use it and it is used for their house, so our beloved Prophet said: “Except Izkher”. (Bukhari)

The scholars of hadith has made us realised that the statement Except izkher made by the prophet is one of the Jawaamihu li kalmi(Broad and extensive statement of Rosuululah) to that hadith. Therefore, The beneficial importance of this prophetic drug are as follows:

1⃣ Helps Digestion
Lemongrass promotes healthy digestion. It has antiseptic compounds that effectively kill bad bacteria and parasites in the digestive tract and repopulate the good bacteria in the colon. This in turn helps treat digestive health problems like indigestion, constipation, heartburn, diarrhea, bloating, flatulence, stomach spasms, vomiting and cramps. Plus, lemongrass has antimicrobial properties that help relieve gastroenteritis. For a healthy digestive tract, drink lemongrass tea on regular basis. Lemongrass tea, however, is not recommended for small children.

2⃣ Controls Cholesterol Levels
The anti-cholesterol and anti-atherosclerosis action of lemongrass helps reduce the absorption of cholesterol from the intestine.In addition, it helps in the oxidation of LDL-cholesterol in the blood, which helps to prevent atherosclerotic plaque buildup.

A University of Wisconsin study in 1989 found that people with high cholesterol who took 140-milligram capsules of lemongrass oil daily noticed reduction in cholesterol levels. They also experienced a significant decrease in blood fats. The high potassium content in lemongrass also helps lower and regulate blood pressure.

Simply drink a cup of lemongrass tea everyday to help lower your cholesterol level and reduce blood pressure. You can also take this herb in supplement form after consulting your doctor in shaa Allah.

3⃣ Cleanses and Detoxifies
Regular consumption of lemongrass tea helps cleanse and detoxify the body. The diuretic nature of lemongrass helps remove toxins, uric acid and bad cholesterol from the body by increasing the frequency and quantity of urination. Urination also helps clean out the kidneys.

Consequently, the cleansing properties of this herbal tea help purify the liver, kidneys, bladder and pancreas. It also plays a key role in increasing blood circulation, which is important for overall health. Drink lemongrass tea on a regular basis to help your body get rid of harmful elements.

4⃣ Heals Colds & Flu
Lemongrass has antibacterial and antifungal properties that help your body cope with coughs, fever and other cold and flu symptoms. It is loaded with vitamin C that boosts the immune system to fight the infection. Its oil can be used to relieve pain in muscles and joints, as well as headaches resulting from a cold or the flu.

Also, lemongrass can be effective in breaking down mucus and phlegm buildup, which can alleviate problems with breathing. This is mainly beneficial when suffering from bronchitis or asthma. It can be recommended as part of drugs to tackle some respiratory diseases in which covid-19 (Coronavirus) isn’t left out.

🥦 The following medicinal drink can be made from lemongrass;

👉 Boil a few fresh strands of lemongrass, two or three cloves, a small piece of cinnamon stick, one teaspoon of turmeric powder in one cup of milk. Strain and drink it when it cools down. Drink this once a day for a few days.

5⃣ Fights Cancer
Research at Ben Gurion University in Israel has shown that lemongrass tea can help fight cancer. A component called ‘citral’ found in lemongrass causes apoptosis in cancer cells without damaging healthy cells. It causes the cancer cells to commit suicide.

In fact, to help the healing process, cancer patients in Israel are encouraged to take fresh lemongrass tea while undergoing radiation or chemotherapy treatments.

Another study published in 2009 in the journal Fundamentals of Clinical Pharmacology found that citral in lemongrass slows the growth of breast cancer cells in the laboratory.

In addition, there are several antioxidant properties in lemongrass that help lower the risk of cancer by fighting free radicals.

6⃣ Reduces Arthritis Pain
Due to its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, lemongrass helps treat arthritis, rheumatism, osteoarthritis, gout and other types of joint pain. Its anti-inflammatory properties help suppress the activity of cyclooxygenase-2, an enzyme involved in inflammation that causes pain, especially in joints.

Meanwhile, lemongrass helps to alleviate muscle spasms or sprains by relaxing the muscles, which reduces the pain-related symptoms.

👉 You can mix lemongrass oil with coconut oil in a 1:2 ratio and rub it over the affected area. Leave it on for a few hours before rinsing it off. Do this daily for a few weeks.You can also drink lemongrass tea twice daily for best results.

7⃣ Benefits New Mothers
Lemongrass is highly beneficial for new mothers who are breastfeeding their babies. It has galactogogue properties that help increase breast milk production. Its antimicrobial and antibacterial properties also help the babies remain healthy and free from infections.

Lactating mothers can drink one to two cups of lemongrass tea daily.

🔞 Note: Lemongrass should be avoided during the first two trimesters of pregnancy

8⃣ Fights Depression
The antidepressant properties of lemongrass help treat depression. The herb also activates the release of serotonin, a chemical in the brain that combats depression. Lemongrass relieves anxiety, boosts self esteem, uplifts spirits, gives confidence and improves mental strength.

Lemongrass also contains citronella, which is well known for its calming effect on the mind and body. It also helps one to sleep better.

Drink a cup of lemongrass tea, whenever you feel depressed or have a low mood. The tea will help you keep calm and cool.

👉 Furthermore, The leaves and the oil are used to make different medicine.

👉 Lemongrass is used for treating digestive tract spasms, stomach ache, high blood pressure, convulsions, pain, vomiting, cough, achy joints (rheumatism), fever, the common cold, and exhaustion.

👉 It is also used to kill germs and as a mild astringent.

👉 Conclusively, Izkher is a light substance that opens clogs and the veins orifices.

👉 It increases urine and menstruation-flow.

👉 It dissolves the stones and the hard tumors in the stomach, liver and kidneys, either as a drink or as a bandage.

👉 Because of its moisturizing smell, it serves as a good bait to capture honeybees.

👉 The stems of Izkher will strengthen the column of the teeth and the stomach.

👉 It calms nausea and constipate the stomach.

👉 It can be found in dried state with Bedouins; they sell it at Masjid-e-Quba’a & Jabal Uhud.

In Nigeria, It can be found in all reputable prophetic medicine stores and supermarkets where original prophetic drugs are sold. It is as well rampant in rural areas especially during the rainy seasons.

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)




Written and Compiled by;
Assoutudeen Abu Mubaashir!


Islam is a religion free from ignorance and it’s built on knowledge. It is always based on direct evidence from the Kitab and Sunnah in which all other judgements are being passed upon. It is baseless and erroneous to pass judgement out of self-desire and ignorance without full knowledge on a matter regarding the deen of Allah, most especially in this blessed month of Ramadan concerning fasting.

As it has been explained in our previous write-ups on what really invalidate our fast which is no more a news to a conscious Muslim that there are seven major things that break the fast. Other actions are subservient to the listed actions as follow:

1⃣ Intercourse
2⃣ Masturbation
3⃣ Eating and drinking
4⃣ Anything that is regarded as coming under the same heading as eating and drinking
5⃣ Letting blood by means of cupping and its likes
6⃣ Vomiting deliberately
7⃣ Menstruation and postnatal bleeding

The first of these things that invalidate the fast is intercourse. This is the most serious and the most sinful of the things that invalidate the fast. Whoever (A man or a woman) has intercourse during the day in Ramadaan deliberately and out of his or her own freewill, in which the two circumcised parts meet and the tip of the manhood disappears in either of the two passages, has invalidated his fast, whether he ejaculates or not.

He and his wife have to repent, complete that day (i.e., not eat or drink until sunset), make up that day’s fast later on and offer a severe expiation. The evidence for that is the hadeeth narrated by Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said, “I am doomed, O Messenger of Allaah!” He said, “Why are you doomed?” He said, “I had intercourse with my wife (during the day) in Ramadaan.” He said, “Can you free a slave?” He said, “No.” He said, “Can you fast for two consecutive months?” He said, “No.” He said, “Can you feed sixty poor persons?” He said, “No.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1936; Muslim, 1111)

With regards to this hadith, scholars of Islam have talked extensively on the fact that the claim for any of the things that can invalidate fast outside intercourse will not required expiation.

No expiation is required for any of the things that break the fast apart from intercourse. Saying whoever breaks his fast with food or drink or anything else beside sex will repay it with 2 months fasting is baseless as far as fiqh of fasting is concerned.

Al-Imam As-sa’diy said and commented on the above hadith that
ومن أفطر فعليه القضاء، إذا كان فطره بأكل، أو بشرب أو قيء، عمدا أو حجامة أو إمناء بمباشرة، إلا من أفطر بجماع فإنه يقضي ويعنق رقبة ، فإن لم يجد فصيام شهرين متتابعين، فإن لم يستطع فإطعام ستين مسكينا

Whoever break his fast will only repay it once even if He breaks it with food or drink or vomiting intentionally or with cupping or masturbation. Except the one who break his fast with sexual intercourse, He will have to free a slave if he doesn’t have the capability, He will have to fast for two consecutive months, if he can’t do that, He will have to feed sixty poors.
(منهج السالكين وتوضيح الفقه في الدين لشيخ الامام السعدي)

The inference from the scholar in the aforementioned hadith is that the prophet commanded him to choose one ( though in consecutive order) among the three things in which fasting for two months is among them. It directly means that it is not compulsory to fast for two consecutive months when the offender can observe the first expiation. If he can’t then first option, fasting for two consecutive months holds before the third option.

Summarily, this made it clear that fasting for two months is ONLY for the offenders who break their fast with intercourse (and doesn’t have the ability to observe freeing a slave or feeding 60 poor people) and not that of the general and erroneous ideology.


Firstly, in the land of the Shariah where the laws of Allah are being implemented fully, as for a Muslim who deliberately does not fast in Ramadan, thinking it is permissible to do so, he has become a disbeliever. He should be asked to repent, and if he repents, all well and good, otherwise he is to be executed. This is the view of majority of the scholars.

Meanwhile, whoever openly breaks the fast should be given a disciplinary punishment by the ruler, a punishment that will deter him and others like him from doing this grave act.

There is a number of comments by the scholars concerning that;

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If a person breaks the fast in Ramadan, believing that to be permissible although he is aware of the prohibition on doing so, but he thinks that it is permissible for him, he must be executed.

He continues, If he is an evildoer, he should be punished for breaking the fast of Ramadan, as the ruler sees fit. If he is ignorant, he is to be taught the ruling.(al-Fataawa al-Kubra (2/473) )

Ibn Hajar al-Haytami (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It is one of the major sins not fasting one of the days of Ramadan, and breaking the fast by having intercourse or otherwise, with no excuse such as sickness or travelling.(az-Zawaajir (1/323)).

The scholars of the standing committee for issuing Fatwas said: Breaking the fast during the day in Ramadan on the part of one who is accountable is a major sin, if it is done without a legitimate excuse.
( Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (10/357)).

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said: Whoever breaks the fast on any day in Ramadan, with no legitimate excuse, has committed a grave evil. Whoever repents, Allah will accept his repentance, so he must repent to Allah sincerely, by regretting what he has done in the past and resolving not to repeat it, and he should ask his Lord for forgiveness a great deal, and hasten to make up the day that he did not fast. (Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (10/357)).

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about the ruling on breaking the fast during the day in Ramadan with no excuse.

He replied: Breaking the fast during the day in Ramadan with no excuse is a major sin, and the individual becomes an evildoer thereby. He must repent to Allah and make up the day that he did not fast. (Majmoo‘ Fataawa wa Rasaa’il al’Uthaymeen (19/89)).

An-Nasaa’i narrated in al-Kubra (3273) that Abu Umaamah said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) say: Whilst I was sleeping, two men came to me and took hold of my arms… And he quoted the hadith, in which he said: Then they set off with me, and I saw some people hung up by their Achilles tendon, with the corners of their mouths torn and dripping with blood. I said: Who are these? He said: These are the people who used to break the fast before it was permissible to do so.
Sheikh Al-Albaani classed it as saheeh in as-Saheehah (3951), after which Sheikh himself said: This is the punishment of those who fasted then broke the fast before the time for breaking the fast came. So how about those who did not fast at all?! We ask Allah to keep us safe and sound in this world and the hereafter.

Conclusively, we say it isn’t permissible to break fast intentionally when there is no recognized constraint for a sane Muslim who believes in the punishment of Allah in this life, the grave and hereafter.

If the scholars most especially Ibn Taymiyya can attribute execution to someone who does that, then we should know the gravity of the sin to Allah. If you think you’re in a country where sharia isn’t practised, kindly note that the punishments of hell fire is indeed a punishment which shall be melted on evil doer like you who isn’t ready to repent. We supplicate to the uncreated Creator to grant us steadfastness and patience upon this deen so as to endure all forms of hardship that come our way as a result of our eeman. May almighty Allah grant us his forgiveness and admit us to Jannah (Aameen)

And Allah knows best.

© Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)