Monthly Archives: April

AT-TARAWEEH

AT-TARAWEEH ( ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﻭﻳﺢ)

Written & Compiled by; Assoutudeen Abu Mubaashir

Website: thepropheticmedicine.com.ng
E-mail: propheticmedicine@gmail.com

The word Taraweeh is the plural of the word ( ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺢ ) which literally means ‘to rest’. In the context of Salat At-Taraweeh, it means to rest between every four raka’at. Taraweeh prayers are prayed in pairs of two and it is performed only during Ramadan after ishai prayer. It is a recommended prayer ( ﺳﻨﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﺒﺔ ) according to scholarly consensus, and comes under the heading of night prayers ( ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻴﻞ ).

In the month of Ramadaan the believer engages in jihaadu-n-nafs (soul striving) on two fronts: during the day by fasting and during the night by praying qiyaam. Whoever combines these two types of jihad will be given reward without limit.

How Salat Al-Taraweeh Began

Once, in the holy month of Ramadan, the Prophet (Peace be upon Him ) came out of his home and led Salat At-Taraweeh. The Sahabah (May almighty Allah be pleased with them all) who were present at the time, prayed behind him in congregation. The second and the third nights, a larger number of Sahabah (may almighty Allah be pleased with them) came and performed Salat At-Taraweeh behind the Prophet (Peace be upon him). On the fourth night, a larger number of Sahabah (may almighty Allah be pleased with them) showed up in the Masjid expecting to pray this salat behind the Prophet (Peace be upon him). But, he did not come out to lead Salat At-Taraweeh that night. The Sahabah (may almighty Allah be pleased with them) waited all night. When the Prophet (Peace be upon him) finally emerged for the Fajr prayer he told them: “I knew you were waiting for me, but I did not come out to lead Salat At-Taraweeh last night because I was afraid it might become an obligation (Fard) on the Ummah which they might find difficult to fulfill.” (Bukhari, h872; Muslim, h1271; Abu Dawood, h1166).

In other words, if it were made obligatory like the rest of the five daily prayers, we would have to perform it even if we were traveling or ill. Since, then, Sahabah started to perform Salat Al-Taraweeh in small congregations in the Masjid or in their homes.

Virtues of Taraweeh

1⃣ Al-Bukhaari (37) and Muslim (759) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“Whoever prays qiyaam in Ramadaan out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

“Out of faith” means, believing in Allaah’s promise of reward.

“And in the hope of reward” means, seeking the reward and with no other intention such as showing off etc.

“Will be forgiven his previous sins”: An-Nawawi said: What is known among the fuqaha’ is that this applies only to forgiveness of minor sins, not major sins. In order for major sins to be forgiven, a person is required to make sincere repentance.

2⃣ Al-Tirmidhi (806) narrated that Abu Dharr said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever prays qiyaam with the imam until he finishes, will be recorded as having spent the whole night in prayer.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Tirmidhi.

It is recommended to pray qiyaam al-layl in Ramadaan in congregation, and to stay with the imam until he finishes praying. In this way the worshipper will attain the reward for praying the whole night, even if he only spends a short part of the night in prayer.

Meanwhile, At this time of pandemic (covid-19), praying at home will also suffice as the same reward expected behind the Imam on the normal day.

📊 NUMBER OF RAKA’AH IN TARAWEEH

There is no gainsaying about the fact that the number of raka’ah in taraweeh has been a bone of contention among muslims. The opinion on how many rakkahs should be prayed is dichotomous.

One opinion says that it should be 11(witr inclusive) one has it to be 13 while Imam Ahmad, Imam Abu Haneefah and Imam al-Shaafihi said one should pray 20. Some in which Imam Maaleek is inclusive have it to be 36.

However there is no authentic hadith to support 20 or 36. The narration which suggests twenty rak’ahs” is extremely weak ( ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﺟﺪﺍ ).

📘 Abu Salamah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahmaan, asked ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her): “How did the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) pray during Ramadan?” She said: “He did not pray more than eleven rak’ahs in Ramadan or at other times. He would pray four, and do not ask how beautiful and long they were, then he would pray four, and do not ask how beautiful and long they were, then he would pray three. I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, will you sleep before you pray Witr?’ He said, ‘O ‘Aa’ishah, my eyes sleep but my heart does not.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1909; Muslim, 738)

📘 ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to pray eleven rak’ahs at night, and say the tasleem after each two rak’ahs, and he would pray Witr with one rak’ah. Saheeh, (agreed upon)

They said: This hadeeth indicates that the Messenger of Allaah was consistent in his prayers at night in Ramadaan and at other times.

The scholars refuted this use of the hadeeth as evidence by saying that this is what the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did, but the fact that he did something does not imply that it is obligatory. Many of the scholars reach to the opinion that there is no specific number of prayers at night which include Taraaweeh.

📘 The evidence they use is the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar according to which a man asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about prayer at night. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Prayers at night are to be offered two by two (two rak’ahs at a time). If any of you fears that the time of dawn is approaching then let him pray one rak’ah as Witr.”
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 846; Muslim, 749)

Al-Suyooti said: What is narrated in the saheeh and hasan ahaadeeth is the command to observe night prayers during Ramadaan, which is encouraged without specifying a particular number. It is not proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed twenty rak’ahs of Taraaweeh, rather that he prayed at night, with an unspecified number of rak’ahs. Then he delayed it on the fourth night lest it become obligatory for them and they might not be able to do it.

Ibn Hajar al-Haythami said: There is no saheeh report that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed twenty rak’ahs of Taraaweeh.
(Al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 27/142-145 )

It is important to state here that taraweeh is also qiyaamul-layl, just that people used to called the Qiyaamul-l-layl in Ramadan Taroweeh. It is called taraweeh because Salaf used to rest ( ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺡ ) after every two or four rak’ahs, because they made their prayers long in order to make the most of this season of great reward.

🎙 What is Recited in the Taraweeh Prayer

The Taraweeh prayer is prayed two rakahs at a time and the prayer is a loudly prayed rather than a quite one. Thus, pray 2 rakahs and then another 2 rakahs and then another 2 rakahs and then another 2 rakahs and then finally 3 rakahs of witr prayer.

It is of no doubt that it’s meritorious to recite the Qur’an chronologically in the taroweeh prayer. There are 30 Ajzaa in the Qur’an, you can read one per day to complete a whole Qur’an in this holy month.

📘 In the account of Hudhayfah ibn al-Yamaan praying behind the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), in one rakah he recited al-Baqarah, al-Nisa’ and Aal ‘Imraan, and he recited them in a slow and measured tone. It is proven with the soundest of isnaads that when ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) appointed Ubayy ibn Ka’b to lead the people in praying eleven rakahs in Ramadan, Ubayy used to recite aayaat by the hundreds, so that the people behind him would be leaning on sticks because the prayers were so long, and they did not finish until just before Fajr. We therefore encourage our brothers most especially the Youths to observe their Taraaweeh with long recitation of Quran and not to feel lazy even if they observe it on individual basis because of this pandemic (covid-19) for this may be the last Ramadan on earth surface. May almighty Allah grant us more of this month and accept all our Ibaadah in the course of them. (Aameen)

📊 In conclusion, we will advise you to pray what the messenger of Allah prayed (11 rakahs) and don’t go against those that are of the other views because this issue is an issue of scholarly differences. This matter shouldn’t make a conscious Muslim most especially Youths to cause unnecessary division and fitnah among the Muslims.

Indeed our beloved Sheikh, Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen says; it grieves us deeply that we find in the Muslim ummah a group which differs concerning matters in which differences of opinion are acceptable, and they take these differences as a means to cause division. Differences within the ummah existed at the time of the Sahaabah, yet they remained united. The youth in particular and to all those who are committed to Islam must remain united, because they have enemies who are laying in wait. (Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 4/225 )

Can Taraawiīh be prayed in Congregation during this Pandemic❓

It is of no doubt that there are two scholarly opinions on this;

For instance, Dr. Al-‘Umaysān says: I asked our Shaykh ‘Abdil Muhsin al-Abaad about the ruling of some Masājid where the people are praying standing apart to protect themselves from sickness?

He said: The prayer is invalid and they are considered individuals just as if they were praying individually. (Lesson on the book of Muwatta Imam Maalik 19/07/1441)

Secondly, One of our living Sheikh in Nigeria in person of Shaykh Abdulwahāb Ajia (may almighty Allah preserve him upon goodness) says; “There are two scholarly views on straightening the rows in Salāt. The view of wujūb (obligation) and that of istihbāb (preference). The more correct view is the former. It is obligatory to pray closing the ranks. However, given the current situation of COVID-19, those praying with spaces between each other are excused and their Salāt is valid. In places where the lockdown order is relaxed and people are allowed to go and pray in the mosques, they can pray with spaces between themselves.” (Audio lecture on lessons of Ramadhan)

Thirdly, Shaykh Sulaymān Ar-Ruhaylī was asked a similar question which he replied; It is important for us to know that the standing of worshippers in a single row even with spaces between themselves is not akin to praying lonely behind the row. Clearly, these matters are different. The basis (for congregational prayers) is that it is compulsory for followers of the Imām to close the gaps.The view of the majority of the ‘Ulamā’is that it’s a preferred act even though leaving gaps in-between each other is detested. The most sound view is that it is compulsory to close the gaps. However, if there’s an exigency necessitating standing apart, then, it is permitted to do so.Thus, we have a choice between two matters. Either we prohibit them from praying in congregation, or we say, on scholarly grounds, they should pray in congregation while standing apart. So, no problem if they will pray in congregation while standing apart. In any case, they must strictly obey the guidelines set by the authority. In this is a general benefit. It’s entirely up to those in authority. He further elaborated on his earlier position, noting that: If there’s a preponderant harm in their observing of congregational Salāt in the mosque even while standing apart, the best is to remain at home even if they weren’t ordered to stay at home. But if they pray standing apart even though there’s no harm at all, or that there won’t be any harm if they were to stand apart by a metre or half, they can pray in the mosque standing apart, in obedience of the directive of the authority.

(Explanation of lessons on fasting in the book buluugul marāam)

And Allah knows best!

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)

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FIQH OF FASTING

FIQH OF FASTING (فقه الصيام)

Written & Compiled by: Assoutudeen Abu Mubaashir
E-mail: propheticmedicineng@gmail.com

Website: thepropheticmedicine.com.ng

Linguistically, sawm (fasting) means to abstain from something. Legally, It means abstaining from things that break the fast, from dawn until sunset, having first made the intention (niyyah) to fast. It is the fourth pillar of Islam. One of the greatest acts of worship is fasting, which Allah has made obligatory on His slaves, as He says:

Surah Al-Baqara, Verse 183:

ﻳَﺎ ﺃَﻳُّﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﺁﻣَﻨُﻮﺍ ﻛُﺘِﺐَ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻜُﻢُ ﺍﻟﺼِّﻴَﺎﻡُ ﻛَﻤَﺎ ﻛُﺘِﺐَ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﻣِﻦ ﻗَﺒْﻠِﻜُﻢْ ﻟَﻌَﻠَّﻜُﻢْ ﺗَﺘَّﻘُﻮﻥ
َ
O you who believe! fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may guard (against evil).

As the status of this act of worship is so high, it is essential to learn the rulings ( ﺍﺣﻜﺎﻡ ) that have to do with the month of fasting so that the Muslim will know what is obligatory, in order to do it, what is haraam, in order to avoid it, and what is permissible, so that he need not subject himself to hardship by depriving himself of it and have tranquility in his Ibadah.

Upon Whom is Fasting Obligatory
Fasting is obligatory for a person if he fulfils five conditions:

1- He is a Muslim

2- He is accountable ( ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻠﻒ )

3- He is able to fast

4- He is settled (not travelling)

5- There are no impediments to fasting

If these five conditions are met, then it is obligatory for a person to fast. Kaafirs are excluded from the first condition. The kaafir is not obliged to fast and his fast is not valid. Should he becomes Muslim, he is not obliged to make up fasts from before.

Those Exempted From Fasting
One of the ways in which Allaah has made things easy for His slaves is that He has only enjoined fasting upon those who are able to do it, and He has excused those who are unable to fast for a legitimate shar’i reason. The legitimate reasons for which one may be excused from fasting are as follows:
1⃣ Sickness

Sickness means everything that means that a person is not healthy. Ibn Qudaamah said: the scholars are agreed that it is permissible for the sick person not to fast in general. The basis of that is the aayah in which Allaah says:

Surah Al-Baqara, Verse 184:
ﻓَﻤَﻦ ﻛَﺎﻥَ ﻣِﻨﻜُﻢ ﻣَّﺮِﻳﻀًﺎ ﺃَﻭْ ﻋَﻠَﻰٰ ﺳَﻔَﺮٍ ﻓَﻌِﺪَّﺓٌ ﻣِّﻦْ ﺃَﻳَّﺎﻡٍ ﺃُﺧَﺮ

If any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days.

The sick person who fears that fasting may make his sickness worse or that it will slow down his recovery or damage a part of his body, has the option of not fasting, and indeed it is Sunnah for him not to fast and it is makrooh for him to complete his fast, because that may lead to his death. So he has to be cautious and protect himself.

Moreover, if the sick person is very ill, that makes it permissible for him not to fast. But if a healthy person fears difficulty or tiredness, it is not permissible for him to break his fast, if all that happens to him when he fasts is that he becomes tired.

2⃣ Travelling
In order for traveling to result in a concession excusing one from fasting, the following conditions must be met:
a- The journey must be long enough that prayers may be shortened.

b- The traveler must not intend to settle in the place to which he travels.

c- His journey must not be for any sinful purpose, rather it should be for a sound purpose, according to the majority of scholars. That is because being allowed not to fast is a concession and relief that the sinner does not deserve on his journey, because the purpose of his journey is to commit sin – such as one who travels in order to commit banditry, for example.

Cancellation of the concession for traveling:
This concession of traveling is cancelled by two things:

(i) When the traveler returns home and enters his hometown, which is the place where he resides.

(ii) When the traveler decides to stay indefinitely, or for a lengthy period in one place, and the place is fit for settling in. Thus he becomes a resident (or non-traveller), so he should pray his prayers in full and not break his fast in Ramadaan, because the rulings on travel no longer apply to him.

3️⃣ Pregnancy and breastfeeding
The fuqaha’ are agreed that pregnant and breastfeeding women may break their fast in Ramadaan, on the condition that they think there is a risk that they or their children may become ill or more ill, or be harmed or may die.

The evidence that women in these cases are allowed not to fast is the hadeeth of Anas ibn Maalik al-Ka’bi (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Allaah has relieved the traveler of fasting and half of prayer, and He has relieved the pregnant and breastfeeding woman of fasting.” (Bukhari)

4️⃣ Senility and Old age
Senility or old age refers to one who is old and has lost his strength, or who is approaching death, so that every day he becomes weaker, until he dies, or who is suffering from a terminal or incurable illness and has no hope of recovery. The evidence that it is prescribed for such people not to fast is the aayah:

َ ﻭَﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﻳُﻄِﻴﻘُﻮﻧَﻪُ ﻓِﺪْﻳَﺔٌ ﻃَﻌَﺎﻡُ ﻣِﺴْﻜِﻴﻦ
ٍ
“And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for everyday)”

Ibn ‘Abbaas & Ali Ibn Abi Taalib; (may Allaah be pleased with them) said that this aayah applies to old men and old women who cannot fast, so for each day they should feed one poor person.

5️⃣ Intense hunger & thirst
If a person is overtaken by intense hunger or unbearable thirst, then he should break his fast and eat just as much as he needs to ward off that hunger, then he should refrain from eating for the rest of the day, and make up that fast later on.

The scholars added to intense hunger and thirst, the fear of weakness when meeting the enemy, or fearing or expecting an attack, such as when one is surrounded. So if a fighter knows for sure or thinks it most likely that there will be fighting because he is facing the enemy, and he fears that fasting may make him weak when fighting, and he is not traveling, then he may break his fast before fighting.

However, one must fear Allah sincerely and be very careful not to deceive himself, all the in the name of having intense hunger and unbearable thirst.

6️⃣ Compulsion
Compulsion means one person forcing another to do something or not to do something against his will, by means of threats. If that occurs such that one don’t have power to overrule it, then he may break his fast and pay later. For example, a kidnapper forcing a kidnapped Muslim to eat in the day during Ramadan. Failure to do so, it may lead to his death, then upon him is to break the fast if he isn’t capable. May almighty Allah save us from such. (Aameen)

7️⃣ Women
Those who are passing from their monthly cycles or those who are undergoing from the phase of post-childbirth, women, in such conditions are exempted from fasting and are required to compensate for the missed days afterwards.

And Allah knows best!

To be continued in shaa Allah

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)

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AN OVERVIEW OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN ISLAM

An Overview of Domestic Violence in Islam

Written by: HasbiyaLlah Al Manbahiy.

📙 What’s Domestic Violence ❓

According to the United States Department of Justice Office on Violence Against Women, the definition of domestic violence is a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain control over another intimate partner.

Globally, the victims of domestic violence are overwhelmingly women, and women tend to experience more severe forms of violence Domestic violence often occurs when the abuser believes that abuse is an entitlement, acceptable, justified, or unlikely to be reported.

📙 Types or forms of Domestic Violence

🚷 Physical abuse can include hitting, biting, slapping, battering, shoving, punching, pulling hair, burning, cutting, pinching, etc. (any type of violent behavior inflicted on the victim).

Physical abuse also includes denying someone medical treatment and forcing drug/alcohol use on someone.

🚷 Sexual abuse occurs when the abuser coerces or attempts to coerce the victim into having sexual contact or sexual behavior without the victim’s consent. This often takes the form of marital rape, attacking sexual body parts, physical violence that is followed by forcing sex, sexually demeaning the victim, or even telling sexual jokes at the victim’s expense.

🚷 Emotional abuse involves invalidating or deflating the victim’s sense of self-worth and/or self-esteem.

Emotional abuse often takes the form of constant criticism, name-calling, injuring the victim’s relationship with his/her children, or interfering with the victim’s abilities.

🚷 Economic abuse takes place when the abuser makes or tries to make the victim financially reliant. Economic abusers often seek to maintain total control over financial resources, withhold the victims access to funds, or prohibit the victim from going to school or work.

🚷 Psychological abuse involves the abuser invoking fear through intimidation; threatening to physically hurt himself/herself, the victim, children, the victim’s family or friends, or the pets; destruction of property; injuring the pets; isolating the victim from loved ones; and prohibiting the victim from going to school or work.

Threats to hit, injure, or use a weapon are a form of psychological abuse.

🚷 Stalking abuse can include following the victim, spying, watching, harassing, showing up at the victim’s home or work, sending gifts, collecting information, making phone calls, leaving written messages, or appearing at a person’s home or workplace.

These acts individually are typically legal, but any of these behaviors done continuously results in a stalking crime.

📵 Cyberstalking abuse refers to online action or repeated emailing that inflicts substantial emotional distress in the recipient.

📙 General Islamic Perspective Regarding Domestic Violence

Islam must be considered as a whole, as a paradigm that cannot be fragmented and whose teachings cannot be analyzed in isolation.

Muslims are required to abide by the text of the Qur’an, which is accepted as the word of Allah subhanahu wá tahala, as well as the life example of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him).

From a holistic perspective, the verses in the Qur’an that address the creation of humankind are instrumental in understanding the Islamic position on
gender relations.

“O mankind! Reverence your guardian‐Lord, who created you from a single soul. Created, of like nature, its mate, and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women‐‐‐fear God, through Whom you demand your mutual rights, and
reverence the wombs (that bore you), for God ever watches over you.” (Qur’an 4:1).

📙The Qur’an describes the relationship between spouses as one founded on mercy, compassion, and tranquility. Another verse describes spouses as being garments for one another, emphasising the mutuality in the relationship.

Multiple verses remind men to treat women with kindness and justice, as do many teachings of the Prophet Muhammad.

Surah Al-Baqara, Verse 231:

And when you have divorced women and they have fulfilled the term of their prescribed period, either take them back on reasonable basis or set them free on reasonable basis. But do not take them back to hurt them, and whoever does that, then he has wronged himself. And treat not the Verses (Laws) of Allah as a jest, but remember Allah’s Favours on you (i.e. Islam), and that which He has sent down to you of the Book (i.e. the Quran) and Al-Hikmah (the Prophet’s Sunnah – legal ways – Islamic jurisprudence, etc.) whereby He instructs you. And fear Allah, and know that Allah is All-Aware of everything.

📙 Allah says:

Surah An-Nisa, Verse 19:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَن تَرِثُوا النِّسَاءَ كَرْهًا وَلَا تَعْضُلُوهُنَّ لِتَذْهَبُوا بِبَعْضِ مَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ إِلَّا أَن يَأْتِينَ بِفَاحِشَةٍ مُّبَيِّنَةٍ وَعَاشِرُوهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ فَإِن كَرِهْتُمُوهُنَّ فَعَسَىٰ أَن تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَيَجْعَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ خَيْرًا كَثِيرًا

O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will, and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse. And live with them honourably. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allah brings through it a great deal of good.

Surah At-Talaq, Verse 6:

أَسْكِنُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ سَكَنتُم مِّن وُجْدِكُمْ وَلَا تُضَارُّوهُنَّ لِتُضَيِّقُوا عَلَيْهِنَّ وَإِن كُنَّ أُولَاتِ حَمْلٍ فَأَنفِقُوا عَلَيْهِنَّ حَتَّىٰ يَضَعْنَ حَمْلَهُنَّ فَإِنْ أَرْضَعْنَ لَكُمْ فَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ وَأْتَمِرُوا بَيْنَكُم بِمَعْرُوفٍ وَإِن تَعَاسَرْتُمْ فَسَتُرْضِعُ لَهُ أُخْرَىٰ

Lodge them (the divorced women) where you dwell, according to your means, and do not treat them in such a harmful way that they be obliged to leave. And if they are pregnant, then spend on them till they deliver. Then if they give suck to the children for you, give them their due payment, and let each of you accept the advice of the other in a just way. But if you make difficulties for one another, then some other woman may give suck for him (the father of the child).

All these are pointing to the fact that women are highly reserved and revered in Islam.

📙As far as domestic violence is concerned, it is an issue that has been dealt with from a preventive stance since the Qur’an clearly prohibits any kind of injustice or oppression.

There are verses that specifically prohibit behaviors that constitute emotional and psychological
abuse, such as spying, intimidating, name‐calling, insulting, and black‐mailing

The one verse in the Qur’an that mentions hitting one’s wife has been the subject of much attack from non‐Muslims and controversy among Muslims; it is also taken out of context and used by some abusers to justify beating their wives.

What’s the proper way to interpret the verse and a similar hadith in this regards?

📙 Is it true that the Qur’an supports beating of one’s wife ❓
There is nothing in the Qur’aan that suggests that a man is allowed to beat his wife.

The Qur’aan enjoins good treatment of one’s wife: she is to be honoured and treated kindly, even when one no longer feels love in one’s heart towards her.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined kind treatment and honouring of one’s wife, and he described the best of people as those who are best to their wives. He said: “The best of you are those who are the best to their wives, and I am the best of you to my wives.” This was narrated by Imam Tirmidhi

Now, as regards the controversy on the Quranic verse and hadith. Allaah, may He be exalted says (interpretation of the meaning):

“As to those women on whose part you see ill‑conduct, admonish them (first), (next) refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is useful); but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance). Surely, Allaah is Ever Most High, Most Great”
[al-Nisa’ 4:34]

If a woman rebels against her husband and disobeys his commands, then he should follow this method of admonishing her, forsaking her in bed and hitting her. Hitting is subject to the condition that it should not be harsh or cause injury. Al-Hasan al-Basri said: this means that it should not cause pain.

📙 The messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Fear Allaah with regard to women, for you have taken them as a trust from Allaah and intimacy with them has become permissible to you by the words of Allaah. Your right over them is that they should not allow anyone to sit on your furniture whom you dislike; if they do that then hit them but not in a harsh manner. And their right over you is that you should provide for them and clothe them on a reasonable basis.” This was narrated by Imam Muslim.

What is meant by “they should not allow anyone to sit on your furniture whom you dislike” is that they should not allow anyone whom you dislike to enter your houses, whether the person disliked is a man or a woman. The prohibition includes the woman’s mahrom too.

The hadeeth may be understood as meaning that a man has the right to hit his wife, in a manner that is not harsh and does not cause injury if if there is a reason for that, such as her going against his wishes or disobeying him.

‘Ata’ said: I said to Ibn ‘Abbaas, what is the kind of hitting that is not harsh? He said, hitting with a siwaak and the like. A siwaak is a small stick or twig used for cleaning the teeth.

The purpose behind this is not to hurt or humiliate the woman, rather it is intended to make her realize that she has transgressed against her husband’s rights, and that her husband has the right to set her straight and discipline her.

📙 Can I seek for divorce if my husband is accustomed to beating me?

The husband has to treat his wife kindly. It is not permissible for him to hit his wife in a way that causes her to bleed or hurts her. This is sinful aggression and enmity, because the basic principle is that the Muslim’s blood, honour, wealth and skin are sacred and protected, and it is not permissible to strike him or her except in cases where the Shari’ah has permitted.

If the husband continues to beat his wife in the manner mentioned, it is permissible for her to ask for a divorce so as to relieve herself of the harm this is befalling her, and it is permissible for her to tell appropriate authorities for judgment because Allah says :

Surah An-Nisa, Verse 29:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَأْكُلُوا أَمْوَالَكُم بَيْنَكُم بِالْبَاطِلِ إِلَّا أَن تَكُونَ تِجَارَةً عَن تَرَاضٍ مِّنكُمْ وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا

O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you.

📙 Domestic Violence and Pregnancy.
In general, pregnancy can put a stop to domestic violence, or at least make it visible. For example, the violent partner may stop acting violently in order not to harm the fetus. Also, access to clinical care for pregnant women reduces the risk of domestic violence for pregnant women because the signs of violence can easily be detected during medical examinations.

However, pregnancy alone is not a reliable measure for protecting women against domestic violence. Indeed, there might also be a strong correlation between pregnancy, especially an unwanted one, and sexual violence. Therefore, women with unwanted pregnancies are also at an increased risk of violence compared to women with intentional pregnancies.

Pregnant women, especially those with less education, lower income, and more children who have been married longer, are more vulnerable to domestic violence. Also, regardless of certain protective factors such as visiting family doctors during pregnancy, many incidents related to domestic violence against pregnant women may also go unnoticed.

Therefore, philanthropists should specifically pay attention to women who give birth to babies with low birth weight, who miscarry, and whose infants die or have mental health problems, as they are more likely to have been subjected to violence during pregnancy.

📙 Conclusion
We should all know that domestic violence of any form has no room in Islam. We should not be deceived by the westerners and others that are trying to misinterpret the word of Allah and His messenger.

Anyone that’s not merciful is to his fellow human is unjust. He should be held responsible for such and not his or her religion ❗Enough of all the hypocritical statements and news on the media ❗Islam is a religion of peace.

I beseech Almighty Allah to let’s see good as good and to be able to follow it and let’s see bad as bad and to be able to refrain from it.

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)

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MOON SIGHTING- A COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

MOON SIGHTING — A COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY

Written and Compiled by;
Assoutudeen Abu Mubaashir

E-mail: propheticmedicineng@gmail.com

Website: thepropheticmedicine.com.ng

The majority of scholars are of the view that sighting the new moon of Ramadaan on the first night and 29th of the same month is a communal obligation, and if all the people fail to do it then they are sinning. Some of the fuqaha’ were of the view that moon sighting is mustahabb (encouraged).

It is mustahabb (encouraged) to sight the new moon so as to be on the safe side with regard to fasting and so as to avoid disputes most especially as month of Ramadhaan knocks the door in some hours.

It is an act of disobedience and in fact, a major sin to the uncreated Creator for one to intentionally choose a date for fasting without making full consultations of the Qur’an and Sunnah as regards the method of sighting moon.

📚 It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to count the days in Sha’baan more carefully than at any other time, then he would fast when he sighted (the new moon) of Ramadaan. Narrated by al Daaraqutni with a saheeh isnaad.

Sighting the new moon is something that is decreed by the fact that some acts of worship are connected to specific times. It is prescribed for the Muslims to strive in seeking it and it is more important on the night before the thirtieth of Sha’baan, in order to find out whether Ramadaan has begun, and on the night before the thirtieth of Ramadaan in order to find out whether the month has ended and Shawwaal has begun, and on the night before the thirtieth of Dhu’l-Qa’dah to find out if Dhu’l-Hijjah has begun. These three months have to do with two of the pillars of Islam, namely fasting and Hajj, and the setting of the dates for ‘Eid al-Fitr and ‘Eid al-Adha.

📚 The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) encouraged seeking the sighting of the moon. It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Fast when you see it and break the fast when you see it, and if it is too cloudy then complete the number (of days) of Sha’baan as thirty.”

📚 And it was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The month is twenty-nine days, so do not fast until you see it (the crescent), and if it is cloudy then complete the month as thirty days.”

The first hadeeth enjoins fasting the month of Ramadaan when its new moon is sighted or when the month of Sha’baan is completed with thirty days, and it enjoins ending the fast when the new moon of Shawwaal is sighted, or when Ramadaan is completed with thirty days. The second hadeeth forbids fasting Ramadaan before the new moon is sighted or before Sha’baan has been completed if it as cloudy.

At this juncture, we humbly persuade our dear Muslim brethren and some religious leaders who are full of desires to kindly shun the do or die syndrome of fixing a date to start their Fast whether the moon is sighted or not. Submitting to the wills of Allah over our own whims and caprices no matter the condition should be the foremost objectives of a rightly guided and conscious muslim leader and followers.

We implore us to follow our recognised leader in each country as sultan is the only recognised leader in Nigeria. Any other authority claiming possession of power outside those leaders should not be listened to/given any regard whatsoever.

We pray to the uncreated Creator to accept all our Ibaadah in the course of this year’s (2020) Ramadhaan, grant us respite to witness more of it in good faith and health, count us amongst those who will witness the end of the month, make this year’s eidul fitri an easy one for us all, grant us safety from the recent pandemic (covid-19) and protect all Muslim Ummah in general from different calamitous calamities, assist us all in all our endeavors and grant us all Al-jannah. (Aameen)

In conclusion, sighting the new moon of Ramadaan, Shawwaal and Dhu’l-Hijjah is a communal obligation, because it is connected to two of the pillars of Islam: fasting and Hajj.

At APMF, We say Ramadhan Kareem in advance while we follow the government rules by staying safe.

And Allah knows best!

© Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)

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SPIRITUAL AND HEALTH BENEFIT OF FASTING

SPIRITUAL & HEALTH BENEFITS OF FASTING

Compiled and written by;
Assoutudeen Abu Mubaashir.

E-mail: propheticmedicineng@gmail.com
Website: thepropheticmedicine.com.ng

A general proverb states, “April flowers bring forth May flowers” which means ‘An active step
taken for good during a specific period of time gives birth to unlimited rewards thereafter, if done with Ikhlaas (sincerity) and with the Sunnah (tradition) of the Prophet’. (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

This is the similitude of fasting in Islam. The foundation of Islamic spiritual practice is known as the five pillars of Islam, which forms the basis for a spiritual culture designed to provide an ideal environment for personal growth and spiritual evolution. Fasting in the month of Ramadan specifically is one of the five pillars of Islam, constituting one of the most valuable spiritual
practices designed to empower a human being in overcoming the self and transcending the ego, the one true veil between a human being and his or her creator.

In sha Allah, we shall be discussing vividly, the health benefits of fasting through the lens of the
scholars and scientific researchers. Apart from the compulsory fasting, we have voluntary and
supererogatory fasting which every Muslim is expected to observe often, if not at all times. Some
of the supererogatory fasting are;

1⃣ Fasting on Mondays and Thursdays.

2⃣ Fasting on 13th, 14th and 15th of every lunar month.

3️⃣ Fasting on 9th and 10th of Muhaaram or 10th and 11th of Muharram.

4️⃣ Fasting on the day of Arafah.

5️⃣Fasting every alternating days like the fasting of Prophet Daawood. (Peace be upon him)

6️⃣ Fasting in the months of Shaban more than every other months of the lunar year asides
Ramadan.

7️⃣ Fasting on the first nine days of Dhul- hijjah.

These superogatory days of fasting are expected of conscious Muslims. It’s true that one generally does not realize what he or she has until it’s gone or not available, and by fasting in Ramadan and every other times authentically stipulated by the shariah, Muslims become highly aware of the unlimited abundance of divine favor Almighty Allah has blessed humanity with, particularly with regards to sustenance. The cultivation of gratitude is a core purpose of Islam, and few spiritual practices cultivate gratitude as does fasting in Ramadan and other acceptable days.

Apart from the unlimited rewards accomplished with these voluntary fasting, there are numerous medical
benefits associated with them too. Some of the benefits are;

1⃣ It has now been scientifically documented and demonstrated that one of the most effective factors in improving human health and longevity is the reduction of food intake and consumption.

2⃣ Fasting in Ramadan and other acceptable days allow the digestive system, the engine of
the body, to rest from the normal demands of processing and breaking down food, freeing
up system resources to cleanse and purify the body of accumulated toxins, thereby
allowing more effective healing and tissue repair.

3️⃣ Fasting in Ramadan and other acceptable days keep the body healthy and youthful
(provided one does not overindulge in eating when breaking the fast).

4️⃣ Fasting is a shield from many illnesses of the soul, the heart and the body and has
tremendous benefits.

5️⃣ Fasting also preserves the health and rids the body of harmful substances while preventing it from consuming what might harm it, especially when one fasts in the best
times that the religion (Islam) states or when the body needs it.

6️⃣ Fasting relieves the muscles and the rest of the body and ensures regenerating its strength.

7️⃣ Fasting also has a characteristic that should make one eagerly prefer it, that is, bringing
joy and relief to the heart sooner or later (i.e. On the last day (day of Qiyamah)).

8️⃣ Fasting is the best resort for those suffering from excess bodily moistures and substances and also protects and preserves their health.

With the constant demands of modern life, it’s too easy to become lost and forget who we are, and so to unconsciously forget our divine purpose and destiny. Without constant reminder, we
become lost in the dream of dunya (life) and become disconnected from reality. Fasting in Ramadan for thirty days and other acceptable days is a powerful practice in restoring and strengthening focus, direction, balance and purpose to our lives.

As-Sheikh Ibn Qoyyim says, _“Fasting is a type
of spiritual and physical remedy. When the fasting person observes various rulings and guidelines regarding the fast, his heart and body will benefit from the fast the most. Also, the body will get rid of the harmful foreign substances that his body is susceptible to receive, along with getting rid of the harmful substances that have already penetrated the body. The fast also helps the fasting person to stay away from what he is supposed to avoid and to implement and seek the goals behind the Fast and what it is supposed to achieve for him. Fasting does not only entail abstaining from food and drink; there is another goal that fasting seeks to achieve which made it an act that Allah will specify its reward [only on the Day of Judgment]. The fast is also a shield between the slave and what might harm his body and soul sooner or later, and this is why Allah said in the glorious verse,

“O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious).’ (Surah Al -Baqarah 2:183)

Fasting is a shield and a protection, making it a type of tremendously beneficial diet.Another goal that the fast seeks to achieve is the heart being busy with Allah, thus enlisting and recruiting the
various powers of the body to implement what Allah loves and the requirements of worshiping Him”. (Tibb Nabawiy page 553)

By fasting in Ramadan and other acceptable days, a Muslim realizes how totally dependent we as human beings are upon the divine grace of Almighty Allah for survival most especially in a testing and trying time, and humility is a natural result of this realization.

Finally, we take things for granted and become heedless as a result of living in the world, (dunya) yet by fasting in Ramadan and other acceptable days, we are
continually reminded of our frailty and dependence upon the Divine, leading us to humility, reverence, piety and selflessness and primary goals of Islamic spirituality.

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)

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MISWAAK (CHEWING STICK) ; A PREVENTIVE MEASURE TO SOME DISEASE

MISWAAK( CHEWING STICK); A PREVENTIVE MEASURE TO SOME DISEASES

Written and Compiled by;
Assoutudeen Abu Mubaashir

Miswaak is a natural and popular material used in cleaning the mouth. It do serves as an alternative to toothpastes and tooth brushes. Fortunately, it is a divine medicine from the Creator which was given to the best of people ever graced the earth surface. This Miswak (chewing stick) is a stick through which a person cleans the mouth. It is indeed a great Sunnah (tradition) of the Messenger of Allah (May Allah bless him and grant him peace).

Moreover, it is a Sunnah (tradition) of all the Messengers of Allah (upon them all be peace), for they used the Miswak and encouraged their followers to use it as well.

It has been authentically reported from the two books that;
سِوَاكٌ‏:‏ في ‏(‏الصحيحين‏)‏ عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ ‏(‏لَوْلا أن أَشُقَّ على أُمَّتى لأَمَرْتُهُمْ بالسِّواكِ عند كُلِّ صلاةٍ‏)‏‏.‏ وفيهما‏:‏ أنه صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا قامَ من اللَّيل يَشُوصُ فَاهُ بالسِّوَاكِ‏.‏ وفى ‏(‏صحيح البخارى‏)‏ تعليقاً عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ ‏(‏السِّوَاكُ مَطْهَرَةٌ لِلْفَمِ، مَرْضَاةٌ للرَّبِّ‏)‏‏.‏ وفى ‏(‏صحيح مسلم‏)‏‏:‏ أنه صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا دَخَلَ بيته، بدأ بِالسِّوَاكِ‏.‏
📚 It was narrated that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him & his households) said : “If it was not for the fact that my nation would not be able to bear it, I would have ordered them to use Siwaak before every prayer”. ( Musnad Imam Ahmad vol.3 hadith 7343, Bukhari Book 73 hadith 245 and Muslim book of purification (15) hadith 253).

In another narration, He said: “Whenever Prophet Muhammad( peace be upon him and his households) would wake up at night, he would clean his mouth with Siwaak”. (Bukhari and Muslim)

Al-Imam Bukhari narrated that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him & his households) said : “Siwaak cleanses the mouth and pleasures the LORD (Allah)”.(Bukhari book 27)

Al-Imam Muslim narrated that whenever Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) would enter his house, he would first use the Siwaak”. ( Musnad Imam Ahmad vol.4 hadith 12461)

والأحاديثُ فيه كثيرة، وصَحَّ عنه من حديث أنه استاك عند موته بسواك عبد الرحمن بن أبى بكر، وصَحَّ عنه أنه قال‏:‏ ‏(‏أكْثَرْتُ عَلَيْكُم في السِّوَاكِ‏)‏‏.‏ وأصلح ما اتُخِذَ السِّواكُ من خشب الأراك ونحوه، ولا ينبغى أن يُؤخذ من شجرة مجهولة، فربما كانت سُماً، وينبغى القصدُ في استعماله، فإن بالغ فيه، فربما أذهب طَلاَوةَ الأسنان وصقالتها، وهيأَها لقبولِ الأبخرة المتصاعدة من المَعِدَة والأوساخ، ومتى استُعمل باعتدال، جلا الأسنان، وقوَّى العمود، وأطلق اللِّسَان، ومنع الحَفَر، وطيَّب النَّكهة، ونقَّى الدِّمَاغ، وشَهَّى الطَّعام‏.‏

In one narration, before he died, the Prophet used the Siwaak saying: “I have troubled you by frequently stressing using the Siwaak”.

Scholars most especially Ibn Qoyyim say, The best type of Siwaak is made from Arak trees and the best way to use Siwaak is by soaking it in rose water. In addition, a good quality of Siwaak is also made from the roots of walnut tree.

The author of At-Tayseer said, “It was said that when a person uses Walnut’s root Siwaak once every five days, it will clear the head, sharpen the senses and alert the mind”. ( Tibb Nabawiyy page 217)

Medical benefit with Miswaak has been extensively recorded. A number of research have indicated that Miswaak, when used properly, is a superb anti-microbial toothbrush for dental hygiene and gum infection cure, minimizing mouth plaque and gingivitis, teeth whitening and relieving smelly breath, whilst giving a nice mouth odor.

It has established that the Miswaak has effective ingredients which aren’t generally present in toothpastes with anticariogenic and anti-inflammatory hypoglycemic functions.

🏮 For instance, The Wrigley Company conducted a study on the Miswak which was published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry in 2007 . Wrigley’s research concluded that mints laced with Miswak extract were 20 times more effective in killing bacteria than ordinary mints. A small testimony to this fact is that, after half an hour, the mints laced with Miswak extract killed about 60% of the bacteria where as the ordinary mints managed only 3.6%.

🏮In August 2008 issue of the Journal of Periodontology, there appeared a study conducted by Swedish researchers on the Miswak, as well. The study apparently found that suspended Miswak pieces in a petridish, the medium for culturing bacteria, were able to kill bacteria that cause periodontal disease with out being in physical contact with the bacteria. The researchers, however, suggested that the Miswak pieces may have been sprayed with antibiotic gases, in their attempt to explain the phenomenon.

🏮 Yet another study, one comparing the use of the toothbrush and the use of the Miswak (2003) can be reviewed currently online at the website for the U.S. National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health (PubMed). The study concluded that Miswak was more effective than toothbrushing in reducing plaque and gingivitis provided it was used correctly. Similar studies found on the same website and elsewhere vouch for the effectiveness of Miswak over toothbrush. “The miswak appeared to be more effective than toothbrushing for removing mouth plaque from the embrasures, thus enhancing interproximal health,” stated the researchers.

There have been plenty of published studies on the Miswak and, in fact, entire books/journals published which study its oral and systemic benefits. Some of them are as follow;

1⃣ The miswaak of the araak tree contains elemental substances like sulphur, sodium and sitosterol B (or β-sitosterol) which purify and kill microbes.

2⃣ Siwaak contains a substance which stops bleeding, purifies the gums and sterilises wounds in the gums.

3️⃣ It also contains large amount of mineral salts,
fibres, vitamin C, and it is well known to scientists that the interaction between this vitamin and antibiotics is regarded as one of the most effective of remedies.

4️⃣ Siwaak effectively remove what is left in the mouth and the leftover food that’s clings with the teeth, which can cause disease and damage to the mouth and teeth respectively.

5️⃣ It also contains tannin which helps to strengthen the gums and ions such as calcium, iron, phosphates & sodiums.

6️⃣ It contains a lot of effective substances carried in its fibres, including cleansers such as sinigrin, astringents which strengthen the gums.

7️⃣ It possesses gallic acid & volatile oils which give the mouth a good smell.

8️⃣ It contains sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, potassium chloride, calcium oxalate and a number of substances which clean the teeth.

9️⃣ Some substances in the siwaak has positive effect similar to that of penicillin which is liable to kill germs even better than penicillin.

Apart from all these aforementioned wonderful health benefits of miswaak which could prompt and encourage us to use it, it is even more encouraged since it is the sunnah of the best of mankind.

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation(APMF)

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VIRTUES OF RAMADAN

VIRTUES OF RAMADHAN

Ramadaan is one of the twelve Arabic months. It is a month which is highly venerated in the Islamic religion, and it is distinguished from the other months by a number of characteristics and virtues, including the following:

1⃣ Fasting this month is the fourth pillar of Islam

It was narrated in al-Saheehayn from the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Islam is built on five (pillars): the testimony that there is no god except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah; establishing prayer; paying zakaah; fasting Ramadaan; and Hajj to the House (the Ka’bah).” (al-Bukhaari, 8; Muslim, 16)

2⃣. The Qur’an was revealed in this month

Allah says:
ﺷَﻬْﺮُ ﺭَﻣَﻀَﺎﻥَ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻱ ﺃُﻧﺰِﻝَ ﻓِﻴﻪِ ﺍﻟْﻘُﺮْﺁﻥُ ﻫُﺪًﻯ ﻟِّﻠﻨَّﺎﺱِ ﻭَﺑَﻴِّﻨَﺎﺕٍ ﻣِّﻦَ ﺍﻟْﻬُﺪَﻯٰ ﻭَﺍﻟْﻔُﺮْﻗَﺎﻥِ ﻓَﻤَﻦ ﺷَﻬِﺪَ ﻣِﻨﻜُﻢُ ﺍﻟﺸَّﻬْﺮَ ﻓَﻠْﻴَﺼُﻤْﻪ

The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month. (Surah Al-Baqara, Verse 185)

Dear respected brethren, anything associated with Qur’an is always important before the Creator. If you want to be important in Allah’s sight, read and ponder more upon the Qur’an most especially in the month when it was revealed.

3⃣. A month of Forgiveness: Allaah has made fasting Ramadaan and spending its nights in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward a means of forgiveness of sins, as was proven in al-Saheehayn from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.” (al-Bukhaari, 2014; Muslim, 760)

Meanwhile, it is also narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever spends the nights of Ramadaan in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.” { al-Bukhaari (2008) and Muslim (174)}

5️4️⃣ Opening Of The Gates Of Paradise : In this month, Allaah opens the gates of Paradise and closes the gates of Hell, and chains up the devils, as is stated in al-Saheehayn from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah who said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When Ramadaan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained up.” {(al-Bukhaari, 1898; Muslim, 1079)}

5️⃣. Protection Of Muslims from Hell: Every night Allaah has people whom He redeems from the Fire. It was reported in the musnad of Imam Ahmad narrated from the hadeeth of Abu Umaamah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “At every breaking of the fast, Allaah has people whom He redeems.” {Musnad Imam Ahmad (5/256)}

Al-Mundhiri said: there is nothing wrong with its isnaad; and it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb ,987.

Also it was narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah has people whom He redeems every day and night – i.e., in Ramadaan – and every Muslim every day and night has a prayer that is answered.” {Al-Bazzaar (Kashf 962)}. May almighty Allah redeem us and our families from hell fire. (Aameen)

6️⃣. Fasting Ramadaan is a means of expiation of sins: Fasting Ramadaan is a means of expiation for the sins committed since the previous Ramadaan, so long as one avoids major sins. It was proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The five daily prayers, from one Jumu’ah to the next and from one Ramadaan to the next are expiation for (sins committed) in between, so long as you avoid major sins.” {Saheeh Muslim (233)}

7️⃣.‘Umrah in Ramadaan is equivalent to Hajj It was narrated in both books that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to a woman among the Ansaar, “What kept you from doing Hajj with us?” She said, “We only had two camels that we used for bringing water.” So her husband and son had gone for Hajj on one camel, and he left the other for them to use for bringing water.” He said, “When Ramadaan comes, go for ‘Umrah, for ‘Umrah in Ramadaan is equivalent to Hajj.” According to another Riwaayah (report) narrated by Muslim, “…is equivalent to doing Hajj with me.” {(Al-Bukhaari (1782) and Muslim (1256) }

8️⃣. The supplication of the fasting person is granted: This is an opportunity for all Muslims to supplicate to almighty Allah most especially during this test. Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam, said: “There are three people whose supplications are not rejected: the fasting person when he breaks the fast, the just ruler and the supplication of the oppressed”. [Tirmithi, Ibn Majah and Ibn Hibban]

Consequently, Abdullah IbnAmr Ibn al-`Aas also reported that the Messenger of Allah, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam, said: “Indeed there is for the fasting person, when he breaks his fast, a supplication which is not rejected” [Ibn Majah, al-Hakim and others; Sahih]. may almighty Allah accept all our supplications. (Aameen)

9️⃣. A Means of intercession on the Day of Judgment: Abdullah ibn Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam, said: “The fast and the Qur’an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: ‘O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.’ The Qur’an will say: ‘I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.’ And their intercession will be accepted.” [Ahmad]

🔟. In Ramadan there is The Night of Decree ( ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ) Allaah says:
ﺇِﻧَّﺎ ﺃَﻧﺰَﻟْﻨَﺎﻩُ ﻓِﻲ ﻟَﻴْﻠَﺔِ ﺍﻟْﻘَﺪْﺭ
Verily! We have sent it (this Quran) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)

ﻭَﻣَﺎ ﺃَﺩْﺭَﺍﻙَ ﻣَﺎ ﻟَﻴْﻠَﺔُ ﺍﻟْﻘَﺪْﺭ
And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is?

ﻟَﻴْﻠَﺔُ ﺍﻟْﻘَﺪْﺭِ ﺧَﻴْﺮٌ ﻣِّﻦْ ﺃَﻟْﻒِ ﺷَﻬْﺮ
ٍThe night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, (i.e. 83 years and 4 months).

Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said “The blessed month has come to you. Allah has made fasting during it obligatory upon you. During it, the gates to Paradise are opened and the gates of Hellfire are locked, and the devils are chained. There is a night [during this month] which is better than a thousand months. Whoever is deprived of its good is really deprived [of something great]. [Ahmad, an-Nisa’i and al-Bayhaqi].

To be Continued in shaa Allah

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)

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RAMADAN 2020: A MONTH OF SPIRITUAL REJUVENATION

RAMADAN (2020): A MONTH OF INTENSE SPIRITUAL REJUVENATION

Written and Compiled by; Assoutudeen Abu Mubaashir!

Ramadan is undoubtedly considered as one of the holiest months of the year for Muslims. In fact, it is the best of all months which is highly fulfilled with goodness and unlimited forgiveness associated with the mercy from the Owner and Creator of the Universe. During Ramadan, Muslims commemorate the revelation of the Qur’an, and fast from food and drink during the sunlit (sunset) hours as a means of learning self-control, gratitude, and compassion for those less fortunate. Ramadan is a month of intense spiritual rejuvenation with a heightened focus on devotion most especially when the medulla of the world is being a bit restored to rational & natural factory settings and people are following some of the commands of Allah not because of Him precisely but one of His invincible soldiers called Covid-19. This is why this year’s Ramadan will be a special Ramadan for Muslims who are still found wanting as far as following the best of mankind (prophet Muhammad) is concerned. Ramadan & Coronavirus should be a means for us all to determine our personalized and generalized bearing with our Lord who hasn’t forsaken us for a second even when we are not observing our compulsory solawaat in our different Masaajids again as the need be for the main time.

Ramadan is a special designed event by Allah Himself during which Muslims spend extra time re-reading the Qur’an and performing special prayers. Those unable to fast, such as pregnant or nursing women, the sick, or elderly people and children, are exempted from fasting but repay it later in their different possible ways recognized within the Shariah context.

☪️ PREPARATION FOR RAMADHAN

Unfortunately, many people have misunderstood the true nature of fasting and its essence which is to attain the highest level of piety and they make it an occasion for eating and drinking alone. Allah says;
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ ٱلصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous. (Suuratuli bakora verse 183).

Meanwhile, Allah says;

ذَٰلِكَ أَمْرُ ٱللَّهِ أَنزَلَهُۥٓ إِلَيْكُمْۚ وَمَن يَتَّقِ ٱللَّهَ يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِۦ وَيُعْظِمْ لَهُۥٓ أَجْرًا

That is the command of Allah, which He has sent down to you; and whoever fears Allah – He will remove for him his misdeeds and make great for him his reward.

If the essence of fasting (i.e. Taqwa) isn’t attained by majority/all Muslims, then our present condition in the world may not change even during Ramadan as Allah has categorically stated that;
لَهُۥ مُعَقِّبَٰتٌ مِّنۢ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِۦ يَحْفَظُونَهُۥ مِنْ أَمْرِ ٱللَّهِۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ مَا بِقَوْمٍ حَتَّىٰ يُغَيِّرُوا۟ مَا بِأَنفُسِهِمْۗ وَإِذَآ أَرَادَ ٱللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ سُوٓءًا فَلَا مَرَدَّ لَهُۥۚ وَمَا لَهُم مِّن دُونِهِۦ مِن وَالٍ
For each one are successive [angels] before and behind him who protect him by the decree of Allah. Indeed, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. And when Allah intends for a people ill, there is no repelling it. And there is not for them besides Him any patron. (Suuratul Ràad verse 11)

Do not only make preparations for that long before Ramadaan, rather find all means to get close to Him especially during this testing time. It is sad that majority of Muslims are truly unaware of the real nature of fasting in Ramadaan; they take worship and piety out of the month and make it just for their bellies even if they have. Others are aware of the real nature of fasting in the month of Ramadaan, so they start to prepare from Sha’baan, and some of them even start before that. Among the best ways of preparing for the month of Ramadaan are:

1⃣ Sincere repentance

This is obligatory to all Muslims at all times most especially at this time, but because of the approach of a great and blessed month, it is even more important to hasten to repent from sins between you and your Lord, and between you and other people by giving them their rights, so that when the blessed month begins you may busy yourself with acts of worship with a clean heart and peace of mind. Allaah says;

ﻭَﺗُﻮﺑُﻮﺍ ﺇِﻟَﻰ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﺟَﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ ﺃَﻳُّﻪَ ﺍﻟْﻤُﺆْﻣِﻨُﻮﻥَ ﻟَﻌَﻠَّﻜُﻢْ ﺗُﻔْﻠِﺤُﻮﻥ
َ
“And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful” [al-Noor 24:31]

It was narrated from al-Agharr ibn Yasaar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“O people, repent to Allaah for I repent to Him one hundred times each day.” Narrated by Muslim (2702).

If the best of mankind whom Allah have forgiven all sins while on earth could still make seek forgiveness during the day and at night, who are you and I not do increase in sincere repentance. Allah says;
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ تُوبُوٓا۟ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ تَوْبَةً نَّصُوحًا عَسَىٰ رَبُّكُمْ أَن يُكَفِّرَ عَنكُمْ سَيِّـَٔاتِكُمْ وَيُدْخِلَكُمْ جَنَّٰتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا ٱلْأَنْهَٰرُ يَوْمَ لَا يُخْزِى ٱللَّهُ ٱلنَّبِىَّ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ مَعَهُۥۖ نُورُهُمْ يَسْعَىٰ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَٰنِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَآ أَتْمِمْ لَنَا نُورَنَا وَٱغْفِرْ لَنَآۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

O you who have believed, repent to Allah with sincere repentance. Perhaps your Lord will remove from you your misdeeds and admit you into gardens beneath which rivers flow [on] the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believed with him. Their light will proceed before them and on their right; they will say, “Our Lord, perfect for us our light and forgive us. Indeed, You are over all things competent.” (At-Tahrim 66:8). May almighty Allah grants us all forgiveness. (Aameen)

2⃣ Supplication ( ﺍﻟﺪّﻋﺎﺀ )

Making duah to reach Ramadan is indeed one do the best preparation one could be doing. It has been narrated in different books of hadith that witnessing Ramadan is always a special favor Allah bestows on who He wills because nobody will enter the blessed month while following Allah with His injunctions in a state of eeman except He enters Paradise as early as he couldn’t think of! We have been told of two companions who hold the allegiance at the same time, one was able to witness Ramadan while the other wasn’t before they both met their Lord. It was Abdulah ibn Umar in his dream, who saw that the one who was able to fast enters Paradise before the other companion who died before Ramadan. This dream was narrated to the Prophet and he authenticated it himself. This shows how important this month is to Allah and His messenger.

Besides, It was narrated from some of the salaf that they used to pray to Allaah for six months that they would live until Ramadaan, then they would pray for five months afterwards that He would accept it from them. The Muslim should ask his Lord to let him live until Ramadan with a strong religious commitment and good physical health, and he should ask Him to help him obey Him during the month, and ask Him to accept his good deeds from Him.

3⃣. Discharging the duty of any outstanding obligatory fasts

It was narrated that Abu Salamah said: I heard ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) say: I would owe fasts from the previous Ramadaan and I would not be able to make them up except in Sha’baan. Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1849) and Muslim (1146).

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: From her keenness to do that in Sha’baan, it may be understood that it is not permissible to delay making them up until another Ramadaan begins. (Fathul li bahr 13/325)

At this juncture, we implore everyone most especially our Muslimah to are still owning a fast or more to kindly round it up before Ramadaan. May almighty Allah makes it easy for us all. (Aameen)

4️⃣. Rejoicing at the approach of the blessed month

The arrival of Ramadaan is one of the great blessings that Allaah bestows upon His Muslim slave, because Ramadaan is one of the occasions of good in which the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are closed. It is the month of the Qur’aan and of decisive battles in the history of our religion. Allaah says:
ﻗُﻞْ ﺑِﻔَﻀْﻞِ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﻭَﺑِﺮَﺣْﻤَﺘِﻪِ ﻓَﺒِﺬَٰﻟِﻚَ ﻓَﻠْﻴَﻔْﺮَﺣُﻮﺍ ﻫُﻮَ ﺧَﻴْﺮٌ ﻣِّﻤَّﺎ ﻳَﺠْﻤَﻌُﻮﻥَ

Say: “In the Bounty of Allah, and in His Mercy (i.e. Islam and the Quran); -therein let them rejoice.” That is better than what (the wealth) they amass. (Surah Yunus, Verse 58)

5️⃣ Seeking beneficial knowledge: At this time when we have most of the time to ourselves, we implore everyone most especially students of Knowledge to maximize this opportunity to learn something new about this month, learn and relearn the rulings of tajweed in Qur’an recitation, learn & relearn fiqh, tafseer and even prophetic medicine (preventive & solution measures) all online since lockdown and stay home activities still continues in order to be able to follow the rulings on fasting and to understand the virtues of Ramadaan. Knowledge is the only yardstick that will distinguish a serious Muslim from an ordinary Muslim. Never joke with it.

6️⃣ Hastening to complete any tasks that may distract the Muslim from doing acts of worship is also an essential factors in making required preparation for Ramadan.

7️⃣. Sitting with one’s family members: Dear respected Asaatid, Abus and Abu to be, this is the best time to stay home with your wife and children. Teach them authentic Islam, Draft a time table to be followed throughout this period of Ramadaan should the lockdown fails to be over quickly as expected. Tell them of the rulings on fasting and encourage the young ones to fast.

8️⃣. Preparing some books written by scholars, lectures and different formats which can be read at home and may be shared to the community as Charity for them to follow the during Ramadaan especially at this lockdown.

9️⃣. Fasting some of the month of Sha’baan in preparation for fasting Ramadaan.

It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said:

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast until we said: He will not break his fast, and he used not to fast until we said: He will not fast. And I never saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) complete a month of fasting except Ramadaan, and I never saw him fast more in any month than in Sha’baan. Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1868) and Muslim (1156).

Also, It was narrated that Usaamah ibn Zayd said: I said: O Messenger of Allaah, I do not see you fasting in any month as you fast in Sha’baan? He said: “That is a month that people neglect between Rajab and Ramadaan, but it is a month in which people’s deeds are taken up to the Lord of the Worlds and I would like my deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.”
Narrated by al-Nasaa’i (2357); classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.

This hadeeth explains the wisdom behind fasting in Sha’baan, which is that it is a month in which deeds are taken up (to Allaah). Some of the scholars mentioned another reason, which is that this fasting is like Sunnah prayers offered beforehand in relation to the obligatory prayer; they prepare the soul for performing the obligatory action, and the same may be said of fasting Sha’baan before Ramadaan.

Meanwhile, if One isn’t/hasn’t been used to fasting on prescribed voluntary days, the scholars have advised such person not to observe any fast again immediately the month of Shaàbaàn reaches half. The person should rather prepare for the real month of fasting which is Ramadaan.

To be continued in shaa Allah

And Allah knows best!

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation (APMF)

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BLACK SEED: A CURE TO ALL DISEASES BUT ONE

BLACK SEED: A CURE TO ALL DISEASES BUT ONE

الحبة السوداء

It is from the mercies of almighty Allah that he has provided this medicinal herb for His servants because it is a tree full of blessings from Allah that’s used for treatment of different diseases both physically and spiritually. This plant is found throughout India in the form of bushes, with blue flowers, that reach a height of approximately half a meter.

It originally came from Turkey and Italy, and was brought to India by physicians to be cultivated. The seeds are black and triangular in shape, have a strong pungent smell, and contain a considerable amount of oil. The Black Seed (or Habbat Al-Barakah) is called Shuneiz in Persian, black cumin and Indian cumin. Al Harbi narrated that Al-Hasan said, “It is the mustard seed” while Al-Harawi said that it is the green seed which is the seed of the terebinth. According to Sheikh Ibn Qoyyim, he said, “These are not correct opinions, because Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) stated that it is the black seed, which is the Shuneiz as we have stated.”

The black seed has many benefits,
as indicated by our beloved Prophet’s statement: “It is a cure for every type of disease”. This statement is just like what Allah Said:
تدمر كل شيء أبمر ربه
“Destroying everything by the Command of its Lord”. (Surah Al-Ahqaf 46:25)

Sheikh Ibn Qoyyim explained this verse by saying that “It means it destroys everything that is prone to destruction.” (Tibb Nabawiyy page 354) It is incorrect to say that Arabs learnt about itsbenefits from Greeks because, before the advent of Islam, there is no record of its use. Its therapeutic use was initiated after Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) mentioned its efficacy and its potential to cure.

Abu Hurayrah stated, “I have heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say that there is cure for every disease in black seeds except death.” Khalid Ibn Sa`ad stated that he was traveling with Ghalib Ibn Jabr when he (Ghalib) fell ill during the journey. Ibn Abi Ateeq (nephew of Ayesha) came to meet us. On seeing the distressed one, he took five or seven black seeds, ground them, mixed them in olive oil and dropped them into both his (Ghalib’s) nostrils. Ghalib Ibn Jabr became healthy with this treatment. Aisha told us that the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) stated that “there is cure in black seeds for all ailments except sam. I asked him, “What is sam?” He said, “Death.”

Hwyda Arafat, (M.D., Ph.D.) an associate Professor of Surgery at College of Thomas Jefferson University says, _“Nigella sativa (black seed) helps treat a broad array of diseases, including some immune and inflammatory disorders. Previous studies also have shown anticancer activity in prostate and colon cancers, as well as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects”.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

The seeds contain 1.5 % volatile oil and 37.5 % non-volatile oil. In addition to this, albumen, sugar, organic acids, glucoside, melanthin, metarbin and bitter substances are also found. The glucoside is toxic in nature; hence its consumption in large doses and for a prolonged period may be harmful. According to the scientific researches and detailed explanations of the scholars, there are numerous benefits of Habatul zaodaahu.

The following benefits can be deduced;

1⃣ Shuneiz (black seed) is hot and dry in the third degree and eliminates flatulence.

2⃣ It extracts the helminthes (worms), relieves leprosy and phlegmatic fevers.

3⃣ It opens clogs, and decomposes accumulating gas and excess moisture in the stomach.

4️⃣ When the Shuneiz is turned into powder, blended with honey and drunk with some warm water, it will dissolve the stones that appear in the kidney and the prostate, and it is also a diuretic.

5️⃣ It increases the flow during menstruation and the production of milk if it is drunk for several days.

6️⃣ When it is heated with vinegar and placed on the stomach, it will eliminate helminthes (worms).

7️⃣ When it is blended with wet or cooked colocynth water, it is more effective in removing helminthes (worms).

8️⃣ It also clears up, decomposes and relieves cold symptoms when it is ground in a rag and inhaled through the nose on a regular basis until the ailment is cured.

9️⃣ When the black seed is burned and mixed with melted beeswax along with Henna or Iris oil, it helps remove the ulcers that appear on the skin of the legs, after washing the skin with vinegar.

🔟 When the black seeds are crushed in vinegar and laid on leprous skin, the skin affected by black pigmentation and on the head that is affected by dandruff, it helps relieve these ailments.

1⃣1⃣ When the black seeds are ground finely and one swallows a teaspoon of it each day with cold water, it instantly helps against the bite of rabid dogs, and might prevent death as a result of hydrophobia.

1⃣2⃣ When one administers the oil of black seed in the nose (2 ~ 3 drops in each nostril), it will help against Faalij (CVA) and Tetanus (Tashannuj) by eliminating their causes.

1⃣3⃣ When the black seeds are burnt, they help repulse the venomous beasts.

1⃣4️⃣ When Persian Kohl is dissolved in water and then placed on the interior of rectum and then the Black seeds are sprinkled on it, it acts like an effective remover of hemorrhoids.

1⃣5️⃣The black seed helps against all types of cold ailments.

1⃣6️⃣ It helps to introduce the effective ingredients of cold medications to the areas affected by hot and dry ailments, as it helps the body absorb the medicine quickly when taken in small dosages.

1⃣7️⃣ Black seed oil helps against alopecia (loss of hair), hemorrhoids and spots.

1⃣8️⃣ When around five grams (roughly a teaspoon) of it is drunk with water, it will help against gasping and hard breathing.

1⃣9️⃣ When the black seeds are cooked in vinegar and then one rinses his mouth with them, they will relieve toothache resulting from sensitivity to cold.

2⃣0️⃣ When one inhales powdered black seed, it will help against water that accumulates in the eye.

2⃣1⃣ When it is used in a bandage while blended with vinegar, it heals spots, exposed skin ulcers and decomposes the acute mucus tumors and the hard tumors.

2⃣2⃣ The oil of black seed helps against facial paralysis when used as nasal drops (2 ~ 3 drops in each nostril).

2⃣3⃣ When one drinks around five grams (roughly a teaspoon) of its oil, it helps against spider bite.

2⃣4️⃣ When it is ground finely and blended with the oil of green seed and used as ear drops, only up to three drops, it helps against cold symptoms, flatulence and various clogs.

2⃣5️⃣ When the black seed is fried and finely ground, soaked in oil and then drops are administered in the nose, it will help against cold conditions accompanied by intensive sneezing.

References:
Siddique, Zoheir A. Damanhouri, and Firoz Anwar. “A review on therapeutic potential of Nigella sativa: A miracle herb”. May 2013; 3(5): 337–352.

Abdulfatah Adekunle Onifade, corresponding author Andrew Paul Jewell, and Waheed Adeola Adedeji. “Nigella Sativa Concoction Induced Sustained Seroreversion in HIV Patient “. 2013; 10(5): 332–335.

©️ Assoutudeen Prophetic Medicine Foundation

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